An image or a symbol carved in shallow relief on a rock surface. Usually ancient.
A rectangular or square stepped pyramid, often with a temple at it's top.
Use of unnatural proportions or scale to show the relative importance of figures.
Greek for "youth". An archaic greek statue of a standing nude young male.
Greek for "maiden". An archaic greek statue of a standing clothed young woman.
The art of ancient Greece and Rome. In particular, the style of Greek art that flourished during the fifth century B.C.E. Any art based on a clear, rational, and regular structure, emphasizing horizontal and vertical directions, and organizing its parts with special emphasis on balance and proportion.
Italian for "counterpose". The counterpositioning of parts of the human figure about a central vertical axis, as when the weight is placed on one foot causing the hip and shoulder lines to counterbalance each other often in a graceful S-curve.
In classical architecture, the slight swelling or bulge in the center of a column, which corrects the illusion of concave tapering produced by parallel straight lines.
A square panel, often decorated with relief sculpture, placed at regular intervals above the colonnade of a classical greek building.
A shelf above the colonnade on the short ends of a classical greek temple. A triangular space below the gable roof.
In architecture, the top part or head of a column or pillar.
In architecture, a decorative sunken panel on the underside of a ceiling.
Underground burial places in ancient Rome. Christians and Jews often decorated the walls and ceilings with paintings.
Bit of colored glass, ceramic tile, or stone used in a mosaic.
An art style developed by Eurasian nomads beginning in the late second millennium B.C.E. and lasting into the early middle ages in Europe. Based on abstracted forms of animals, often interlacing.
A style of European architecture prevalent from the ninth to the twelfth centuries with round arches and barrel vaults influenced by Roman architecture and characterized by heavy stone construction.
Primarily an architectural style that prevailed in Western Europe from the twelfth through the fifteenth centuries, characterized by pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and flying buttresses, which made it possible to create stone buildings that reached great heights.
Literally, "flame-like". A style of late Gothic architecture characterized by intricate decorations and sinuous curves.
A cultural and intellectual movement during the renaissance, following the rediscovery of the art and literature of ancient greece and rome.
Period in Europe from the late fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries, which was characterized by a renewed interest in human centered classical art, literature, and learning.
A type of art work that takes as its subject everyday life, rather than civic leaders, religious figures, or mythological heroes.
The earliest form of Buddhist architecture, a dome like structure probably derived from Indian funeral mounds.
A buddhist holy person who is about to achieve enlightenment but postpones it to remain on earth to teach others.
Literally "womb chamber". The sacred room of a Hindu temple, where rituals are performed and the image of the god is kept.
A mask of abstracted shapes commonly found on ancient Chinese bronze vessels. Represents a composite animal whose symbolism is unknown.
In Asian Art, paintings produced by cultivated amateurs who are generally wealthy and devoted to the arts, including calligraphy, painting, and poetry.
A niche in the end wall of a mosque that points the way to the muslim holy city of mecca.
A type of earthenware that contains enough iron oxide to impart a reddish tone when fired.
One of many deified ancestral spirits honored by Hopi and other Pueblo Indians. These spiritual beings are usually depicted in doll like forms.