marked the beginning of musical notation, rise of courtly culture, and polyphony; characterized by both secular and sacred music (Includes music written during Middle Ages)
When did the Medieval Period take place?
When did the Renaissance Period take place?
Increase in secular music, but also had sacred music; gradual change from a feudal system to the modern state and a change in people's view of Earth and cosmos
examples of Secular Music
madrigals and art songs
example of Sacred Music
Composers from Renaissance Period
Giovanni Gabrieli, Leonel Power, Josh Durstable, Antoni Busnois, Thomas Tallis
Composers from the Baroque Period
Tomaso Albinoni, Johann Sebastian Bach, Arcagnelo Corelli, George Firderic Handel, Antonio Vivaldi, Claudio Monterverdi
known for its intricate ornamentation; "misshapen pearl"
When did the Baroque Period take place?
When did the Classical Period take place?
known for its balance and structure
Composers from the Classical Period
Joseph Hayden, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven
Composers from the Romantic Period
Ferdinando Carulli, Anton Reicha, Ludwig van Beethoven, Bernhard Henrik Crusell, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Franz Schubert
distinguished by being emotional, large, and programmatic; tried to increase emotional expressionism and power to describe deeper truths, and at the same time, preserve, and in some cases, extend the Classical period
When did the Romantic Period take place?
When did the Modern Period take place?
limitless in styles, incorporation of new instruments, sounds, and improvisation; involved a widening gap between "art" and "popular" music; it witnessed a phenomenal change in technologies, the advent of instantaneous global communications, and sound recording, the growth and eventual decline of totalitarian culture, and the birth of a "World Music" culture
a type of song that narrates or contains a story using a simple repeating rhyme; forms part of folk music and dance traditions; sentimental, romantic song
music genre that usually expresses melancholy and sadness; based on the use of the blues chord progression and notes
jazz, rhythm and blues, bluegrass, rock and roll
What styles/genres did Blues influence?
From the Baroque Period; Considered most important genre of vocal chamber music of its period; involves several movements
traditional music genre conforming to an established form; composed and written using music notation and performed by professionally trained musicians; educated European tradition: art song, chamber music, opera, and symphony
From the Baroque Period; written for one or more solo instruments with orchestra accompaniment; usually comprised of 3 movements in a fast, slow, fast arrangement
highly diverse; shares many characteristics of Western popular music in the mid-twentieth century; began with advent of recording technology and development of recording industry
R & B, American soul music, Jamaican reggae
What styles are included in Contemporary African?
American style of popular music based on the folk style of Southern rural United States or cowboys in the American West; until 1920s mostly performed at homes, churches, local functions on fiddles, banjos, and guitars; now commercial industry
includes music involving tones originating from electronic sound and noise generators, which are used alone or combined; also involves electro means and sound-recording equipment
1950s and 1960s; Europe, US, Japan
In what years were electronic music studios founded and where?
Electronic dance music or EDM
produced primarily for use in nightclub settings or dance-based entertainment with the music managed by disc jockeys
music that has been passed down form generation to generation by oral tradition and shared by an entire community; expression of the life of people in a community
music that is composed to express personal or communal Christian life and beliefs; definition based on culture and social context
genre consists of a rhythmical voice style called Rap which is accompanied by back beats; started in 1970s
genre originated at beginning of 20th century in Southern United States African American communities; incorporates African and European music styles and 19th and 20th century American popular music
includes music from Latin America and the Caribbean and a variety of styles; combines elements from European, African, and indigenous music (Salsa, Merengue, Cumbia, Son Cubano)
a choral composition associated with Roman Catholic Church service
Parts of Mass
What are the Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei, Offertory, Benedictus?
applied to a number of highly varied choral musical compositions, which uses a polyphonic approach; 3-5 voices a cappella
a drama (tragic or comedy) with music as an essential part; mostly sung using recitative arials, choruses, duets, trios, etc
large-scale musical composition on a sacred or semi-sacred topic theme; composed for solo, chorus, orchestra; singing and storyline but no staging or costuming
instrumental composition for an introduction to an extended work, like opera or film; one-movement orchestral piece which usually has a descriptive or evocative title
rock music genre developed between 1974 and 1976 in US, UK, and Australia; usually fast-paced and typically with short songs, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political
Rock and Roll
popular music started in mid 1950s; roots in the rhythm and blues, country music, folk music, and jazz; its sound revolves around the electric and acoustic guitar, and a strong back beat; catchy melody
"to sound"; classical music composition for one or more instruments; one of the instruments is usually a keyboard; usually consists of 3 or 4 independent movements
ordered set of instrumental or orchestral pieces, especially of the 17th or 18th century, which are performed in a concert setting; it can be parts from an opera or ballet; group of dances usually written for keyboard or ensemble of stringed or wind instruments
an extended, large-scale piece in three or more movements written for a full symphony orchestra; fully refined in 18th century
very historically ancient, rich, and diverse; passed down orally and is not written; usually has functional intent as it's performed in celebrations, festivals, etc
usually a rhythmical communal song to accompany repetitious work; usually sung a capella by people working on physical and repetitive tasks
phrase used to describe a group of artists who have a specific style during a specific period of time
period involves stone and bone figurines including images of women and birds, and cave painting by Paleolithic people in Europe, more than 20,000 yrs old
period involves many types of art that were part of cultures of ancient places, like Africa, Central America, China, India, Japan, Egypt, Greece, and Rome
era included Romanticism (idealistic style focused on emotion rather than reason), Realism (everyday characters, situations), Naturalism (realistic), Impressionism (visibility); Monet, Renoir, Pissarro
covers more than 1,000 years of art history in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa, including major art movements and periods: Early Christian art, Migration period art, Celtic art, Byzatine art; also included some national and cultural styles like Crusade art, Ango-Saxon art, and Viking art
period included religious theme; realistic painting; changes in this era were not uniform across the board; art was more emotional and dramatic in nature (Sistine chapel, Mona Lisa, David)
period included detailed and elaborate art often sculptures and paintings; drier and less dramatic and coloristic; Roman Catholic Church encouraged this style; building of opulent places, entrances of courts, grand staircases, and reception rooms
era included Rococo style which involved opulence, grace, and lightness; developed from decorative arts and interior design; involved furniture and decorative objects; Fragonard was important artist
Cubism, Photorealism, Graffiti