Computer technologies used to study the genome
Organisms that have a foreign gene inserted into them.
Production of identical copies.
Study of genomes through the direct comparison of their genes and DNA sequences.
complementary DNA (cDNA)
DNA that has been synthesized from mRNA by the action of reverse transcriptase.
Enzyme that links DNA fragments; used during production of recombinant DNA to seal foreign DNA to vector DNA.
Thousands of different single-stranded DNA fragments: used to detect and measure gene expression.
ex vivo gene therapy
Gene therapy in which cells are removed from an organism, DNA injected to correct a genetic defect; the cells are returned to the organism to treat a disease or disorder.
DNA cloning to produce many identical copies of the same gene.
Production of pharmaceuticals using transgenic farm animals.
Gene Therapy involves procedures to give patients healthy genes to make up for a faulty gene.
An individuals genome, including any possible mutations.
genetically modified organism (GMO)
Organism that carries the genes of another organism as a result of DNA technology.
all the genetic information of an individual or species
Gene that codes for the same protein, even if the base sequence may be different
Human Genome Project (HGP)
Initiative to determine the complete sequence of the human genome and to analyze this information.
in vivo gene therapy
Gene therapy in which normal genes are injected directly into an organism to treat a condition often due to a faulty gene.
DNA sequences that occur between genes
Repeated DNA sequence that is spread across several regions of a chromosome
Extra-chromosomal ring of accessory DNA in the cytoplasm of bacteria.
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Technique that uses the enzyme DNA polymerase to produce millions of copies of a particular piece of DNA.
Collection of proteins resulting from the translation of genes into proteins.
Study of the structure, function, and interaction of cellular proteins
recombinant DNA (rDNA)
DNA that contains genes from more than one source. Bacteria and Humans.
repetitive DNA element
occur when the same sequence of two or more nucleotides is repeated along the length of a chromosome
Bacterial enzyme that cuts DNA at certain points. Stops viral reproduction by cleaving viral DNA
short tandem repeat (STR) profiling
Profiling is a technique used to analyze DNA fragment lengths and produce a distinct banding pattern called a DNA fingerprint.
Study of the sequence of DNA bases and the amount of genes in organisms.
Repetitive DNA sequence in which the repeats occur one after another in the same region of a chromosome.
Free-living organism in the environment that has had a foreign gene inserted into it
"Jumping Genes" are a specific DNA sequence that have the remarkable ability to move within and between chromosomes
In genetic engineering, a means to transfer foreign genetic material into a cell. A plasmid.
Use of animal organs, instead of human organs, in human transplant patients.
Cloning a Human Gene
Restriction enzyme cuts DNA. DNA ligase seals human gene and plasmid. Host cell takes up recombined plasma. Gene Cloning occurs. Insulin is made.
take the nucleus out