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The Gestalt protest against Wundt's system focues on his

elementism

Gestalt psychologists believed that

there is more to perception than meets the eye

For Mach, sensations are

independent of elements of which they are composed

In what way was the phi phenomenon a challenge to Wundt's system?

It could not be reduced to its basic elements

Concurrent with the rise of Gestalt psychology, the Zeitgeist in physics was embracing

field theory

The connection between certain aspects of Gestalt psychology and principles and terms of physics reflects

Kohler's training in physics

The Gestalt principles of organization

are present in the stimuli themselves

Wertheimer suggested that brain activity is

a configural whole process

It is known that before an eye movement or a finger movement occurs, it is possible to record altered activity in a specific cerebral cortex area. The Gestaltics would argue that this is support for the priniciple of

isomorphism

According to Lewin, life space

corresponds to all the events that can influence a person's behavior

According to Freud, the "third shock" to the collective human ego was the realization

that humans are not the rational commander of their lives

A basic difference between psychoanalysis and the other systems of psychology was taht

other systems ahd an academic background and a focus on a pure science

The notion of the pleasure principle was borrowed by Freud from

Fechner

The spirit of mechanism in relation to the treatment of mental illness portrayed mentally ill persons as

morally needing to be repaired

a major theme of Freuds's system, borrowed fro darwin, was the

importance of the sex drive throughout life

the concept of childhood sexuality can be traced to

aristotle, romaines, darwin, and patze

the attitude toward sex in teh vienna of teh victorian era was

permissive and open

freud's early research was in

biology and physiology

in the case of anna o., the recollections she revealed while under hypnosis involved

ideas or experiences she found disgusting

the beginning of psychoanalysis is considered to be indicated by teh publication of

studies on hysteria

freud proposed that neurotic behavior did not develop in persons who

lead a normal sex life

in 1909, freud

recieved an honorary doctorate certificate from clark university

according to freud in his first lecture at clark univeristy, psychoanalysis originated with

bruer

resistance

is an unconscious inability to bring into conscious awareness memories that are too shameful or painful to be faced

freud conceived of instinkts as

unique to animals

according to freud, the biological, need-related part of everyone's personality is the

id

just as with wundt's experimental psychology, within...... years of its founding, freud's system was splintering

20

teh ego psychologists amended freud's original position by emphasizing that the

ego can carry out some functions independently of the id

anna freud's most important revision of orthodox psychoanalysis was to

clarify the defense mechanisms

which branch of psychoanalysis did anna freud foudn

ego psychology

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