Rev. Increase Mather
Put an end to the mass hysteria of the witch trials. Remaining people in jail were released or found innocent.
Salem Witch Trials
1629 outbreak of witchcraft accusations in a puritan village marked by an atmosphere of fear, hysteria and stress
Rev. Cotton Mather
Sent in by Massachusetts government to stop the Salem Witch Trials. Son of Increase Mather.
Parris's slave from Barbados; first accused witch.
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
First Great Awakening
a revival of religious feeling and belief in the American colonies that began in the 1730s
English clergyman and founder of Methodism (1703-1791)
This movement said that all men and women who sought salvation might be saved, giving the people a message of hope
A Congregationalist preacher of the Great Awakening who spoke of the fiery depths of hell.
Preacher who traveled throughout the colonies: He said the key test of election (salvation) is an emotional conversion experience
New lights brought new ideas, rejected by Old Lights; both sought out institutions independent of each other
orthodox clergymen who rejected the emotionalism of the great awakening in favor of a more rational spirituality.
Offered partial membership rights to people who have not yet converted.
a new age of reason in which people discussed how governments and social institutions could be based upon rational understanding
Social critics of the eighteenth century who subjected social institutions and practices to the test of reason.
schools that women opened in their homes to teach girls and boys to read and write
John Peter Zenger
A New York editor whose trial for seditious libel backfired on the government; the jury found that truth was a defense for libel.