treating harmful genetic diseases or traits by eliminating or modifying the harmful gene
Patient Self Determination Act
a federal law passed in 1990 that requires hospitals and other health care providers to provide written information to patients regarding their rights under state law to make medical decisions and execute advance directives.
the combination of proteins, called nucleotides, that is arranged to make up an organisms chromosomes
the process by which organisms are created asexually, usually from a single cell of the parent organism
a microscopic structure found within the nucleus of all living cells that carries genes responsible for the organism's characteristics.
a test whereby the physician withdraws a sample of amniotic fluid from the uterus of a pregnant woman
manipulation of DNA within the cells of plants, animals, and other organisms through synthesis, alteration, or repair to ensure that certain harmful traits will be eliminated in offspring and that desirable traits will appear and be passed on.
individuals in their mid to late teens who for health care purposes is considered mature enough to comprehend physician recommendations and give informed consent
treatment of a terminally ill patient's symptoms in order to make dying more comfortable; also called comfort care
Uniform Determination of Death Act
a proposal that established uniform guidelines for determining when death has occurred
durable power of attorney
an advance directive that confers upon a designee the authority to make a variety of legal decisions on behalf of the grantor, usually including health care decisions
the act of allowing a dying patient to die naturally, without medical interference
orders written at the request of patients or their authorized representatives that cardiopulmonary resuscitation not be used to sustain life in medical crisis
Indian Child Welfare Act
federal statute that regulates state court child custody proceedings involving Indian children, includes (1) foster care placement, (2) adoption, and (3) termination of parental rights, but NOT placements arising out of divorce.
emancipated minors criteria
They are self-supporting
They are married
They are serving in the armed forces
genetic engineering objection
religious or moral grounds that humans simply should not tamper with the time honored progression of life as dictated by nature
the process will harm the environment by releasing super species that will crowd out natural species
may have unforeseen affects
Human Genome Project
funded by the US government, was started in 1990 to analyze the entire human genome. All DNA organisms, including genes
in vitro fertilization (IVF)
fertilization that takes place outside a woman's body, literally, "in glass" as a test tube