SSci 165

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76 terms

Spacial

how things are related or arranged on earth's surface

scale

the ratio of the distance between 2 places on a map, and the actual distance between those 2 places on the earths surface.

realm

The basic spatial unit in our world regionalization scheme. each realm is defined in terms of a synthesis of its total human geography - a composite of its leading cultural, economic, historical, political, and appropriate environmental features.

region

a differentiated segment of earth-space

formal region

regions which display a measurable and visible homogeneity

functional region

region based on a structural, urban, central system of interactions w a core and periphery

functional interaction

interaction between humans and their enviroment

absolute location

location using latitude and longitudinal grid

relative location

located in reference to other regions

culture

the negotiated process and product of the discourses through which humans signify their experiences to themselves and others

cultural landscape

the forms superimposed on the physical landscape by the activities of man

sequent occupance

term to describe the view of geography as a succession of stages of human occupance.

population density

number of people per unit area

Cartogram

maps where the size and shape of the landmasses is based upson specific data

state

an area of land with internationally recognized, political boundaries, wherein resides a people with an independent political identity, usually referred to as nationalism.

States vs state

Capital S is for internal States and lowercase s is for countries.

European state model

any clearly and legally defined territory inhabited by a population governed from a capital city by a representative government.

Supranational Organizations

collections of states that share a common goal

functional specialization

different groups and areas specializing In different areas of the economy and production.

agrarian revolutions

AKA "agricultural revolution" around 1650 - 1800 of significant institutional and technological changes in European farming.

industrial revolutions

around 1750 - 1850 of significant technological changes in European manufacturing and engineering that led to a huge economic boom

ASEAN

Association of SouthEastern Nations.an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism

Per Capita GDP

Gross Domestic Product - GDP: total value of all goods and services produced by a country in a particular year. Divided by the total pop. = Per Capita GDP

Per Capita GNP

GNP: = GDP + income from abroad = overseas, investments, etc.

shatter belt

The Southeast Asia realm caught between stronger colliding external cultural political forces, under persistent stress and often fragmented by aggressive rivals

site

unique physical characteristics

situation

the external locational attributes of an urban center; its relative location or regional position with reference to other non-local places.

globalization

Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope

Buffer-state

Mongolia. state wedged between 2 other more powerful states

Entrepôt

is a trading post where merchandise can be imported and exported without paying import duties, often at a profit. This profit is possible because of trade conditions, for example, the reluctance of ships to travel the entire length of a long trading route, and selling to the entrepôt instead. ex. Singapore and hong kong

Boat people

after the Vietnam War, refugees who escaped from Vietnam in small boats. over 1 million died in mass exodus following the war

landlocked

surrounded entirely or almost entirely by land. for example Laos

city-state

an independent political entity consisting of a single city with ( and sometimes without) an immiediate hinterland. the ancient city-states of greece have their own modern equivalent in singapore.

conurbation

general terms used to identify a large multi-metropolitan complex formed by the coalescence of two or more major urban areas. the atlantic seaboard megalopolis, extending along the northeastern U.S. coast from southern Marine to Virginia, is a classical example.

Hong Kong

formerly a Crown Colony on the coast of southern China in Guang dong province. China.

Ho Chi Minh city (Saigon)

After 1954, country split into Communist north in Hanoi, and non-communist south in Saigon. 1964-1975 = "Indochina war" (Vietnam war) Saigon fell

bangkok

the capital and largest city and chief port of Thailand.

Kuala Lumpur

the capital and largest city of Malaysia

Singapore

major port city @ southern tip of malay peninsula. most important port city in eastern hemisphere located at cross roads of Indian and Pacific Ocean

Jakarta

capital and largest city of Indonesia. It also has a greater population than any other city in Southeast Asia.

Ho Chi Minh

Vietnamese communist statesman who fought the Japanese in World War II and the French until 1954 and South vietnam until 1975 (1890-1969

Pol Pot

Leader of the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, who terrorized the people of Cambodia throughout the 1970's

Khmer Rouge

a communist organization formed in Cambodia in 1970 that imposed a reign of terror on Cambodian citizens

Mao Zedong

Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)

Chiang Kai Shek

(1887-1975), Chinese statesman and general; president of China 1928-31 and 1943-49 and of Taiwan 1950-75. He tried to unite China by military means in the 1930s but was defeated by the Communists. Forced to abandon mainland China in 1949, he set up a separate Nationalist Chinese State in Taiwan.

Corazon Aquino

Elected in 1986, she was the first female president of the Philippines.

Aung San Suu Kyi

1945 - Myanmar opposition leader who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1991 for leading a pro-democracy movement in Myanmar (Burma

Laos

which is the poorest country in the S. E. Asia?

Thailand

Which has the highest per capita GNP?

East

Where the majority of China's population is clustered (South, West, East, North?)

1 Child policy is only enforced in Eastern China. Monetary incentives were given to couples who followed policy. Politicians used strong tactics (rough up/forced abortion/house burned) to control the birth rate.

What was China's 1-child policy?

China currently has a 17:1 ratio (male: women) and there are efforts to balance or change the scale.

What side effects occurred of chinas 1 child policy?

proposing a substitute two child policy, no execptions, even in urban areas. advantages would inlcude a young work force to support the old and reduce the skewed male:female ratio

What changes were made to the policy in order to prevent those effects?

china has become more of an economic force and appears to be a global superpower in the market.

How has China's view of capitalism changed?

When china was involved with problems they would fall into isolationism but now they are globally engaged and internationally involved. china now has a strong nationalism and can be a prolem with the US as they try to unify certain regions

What are they (china) doing differently now?

China, japan, South Korea, Thailand

Who are the major players in the Pacific Rim?

Japan believed in efficient organization, mass productivity, and adherence to common goals. - Japan recognized similarities between themselves and Great Britain and Sought to learn from them. -- South Korea Followed Japan's lead in economic reorganization Borrowed heavily, but in 1980 was named one of the worlds top 10 trading partners. Taiwan -- Has made great economic advances: - imports raw materials and exports high tech products - Enormous brain power that draws oversees investments - borrowed heavily from US to build economy, but has off debts MUCH faster than expected. Thailand -- Only member in mainland SE Asia of Pacific Rim. Booming economy with lots of potential Per-capita Gnp is higher than all other mainland SE.

Know the main reasons why some countries had economic booms in E. and S.E. Asia

Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan.

Who are the "Jakota Triangle" countries?

"Meiji Restoration" - Period of infrastructural and Economic transformation after 1868 - Japan had (and has) a very different view of modernization and Western culture than China. - Japan believed in efficient organization, mass productivity, and adherence to common goals. - Japan recognized similarities between themselves and Great Britain and Sought to learn from them.

How does Japan's view of modernization differed from China's? What role did England play?

the island group has been governed by the Republic of China (ROC) since 1945 when the ROC, acquired Taiwan from Japan as a result of World War II. Four years later the ROC lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China and retreated to Taiwan. Taiwan now composes most of ROC's territory and the ROC itself is commonly known as "Taiwan".[3] The political status of Taiwan is complex because it is claimed by the People's Republic of China (PRC) which was established in 1949 on mainland China and considers itself the successor state to the ROC. Not a member of the UN ( UN recognized PRC as China - not ROC)

Why is Taiwan a republic of China?

Thailand. Only country in SE Asia that was not colonized. ( it was a buffer zone)

\Which is the only country in South East Asia which was not colonized?

Myanmar (Burma), Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore,

British Colonies?

Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos

French Colonies?

Philippines

Spanish/American colonies?

Indonesia

Dutch colony?

In Malaya, the british developed a complicated system of colonies and proctorates that eventually gave rise to the equally comples, far flung malaysian federation. Burma was given the status of sovereign republic when British india became independent in 1947. while singapore however broke off malaysia in 1965 to beomce a sovereign city-state. Brunei, which had been a British protectorate since 1888, declined to join the union and maintained its status until independence in 1984 (did not join Malaysian federation)

How did the British colonies in South East Asia become so divided?

By playing the princes of indonesia's states against one another in the search for economic concessions and political influence, by placing the chinese in positions of responsibility , and by imposing systems of forced labor in areas they controlled, the company had ruinous effects on the indonesian socities

How did the Dutch screw up their South East Asian colony? (indonesia)

Laos. No improvements under 60 years of French rule.

Which French colony in South East Asia was treated the poorest?

Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

Fragmented in SouthEast?

Cambodia, laos

compact in southeast?

Brunei, Singapore

Protruded in southeast?

Vietnam, Myanmar

Elongated in southeast?

Great situation - "entrepôt" between all the major players in S.E. Asia and the Pacific Rim. Political Stability with lack of corruption Great brain power and diligent workers Leaders who recognize that the key to economic success lay in high tech industries. An economy that is continuing to expand! Surprisingly, the government is basically Communist following the Chinese order. Singapore is a rare example of a Socialist / Authoritarian government and a market-run economy coexisting

How did Singapore's economy became so successful? (Its assets)

political stability, homogeneity, and a govt.

Why does everyone want to live in Brunei? (Its assets)

Problems: far too much heterogeneity Transmigration policy - to move people to neighboring islands to ease the population density issue. This causes people of different ethnicities to face violent discrimination.

What is the main problem preventing Indonesia from economic success?

China took over Tibet in 1950 - they disapproved of beliefs and lifestyles. Things worsened for Tibet under Mao After Mao's death in 1976, control relaxed, but pro-Tibetan rioting starting in 1987 caused gov't to again tighten control. The struggle to free Tibet and grant them autonomy continues today.

Why is Tibet fighting for its freedom? When did it lose it?

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