History 112 Chs 23-27 (part3)

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What description best characterizes the Vichy government's treatment of France's Jewish population?

selective support of deportation and the passage of sweeping anti-Semitic legislation

Which of the following was NOT a major contributing factor to the eventual Soviet victory against Germany?

relentless propaganda campaigns designed to convince Germany's allies of the Nazis' unreliability and the hopelessness of their cause

The turning point in the war in Europe came when Allies began launching offensives against the Germans beginning after the battle of ______

Stalingrad

Although the Germans expended most of their resources in late 1941 and 1942 in their invasion of the Soviet Union, they were never able to capture______

Moscow, Leningrad, Stalingrad, Yekaterinburg (all of them)

Where and when did the Western Allies formally open a "second front" against the Axis in Europe?

through the Allied landings in Normandy in June 1944

The first troops to enter and occupy Berlin at the end of the war were ___

Soviet

When Europe began to take sides between West and East following World War II, Yugoslavia was declared to have "taken the road to nationalism" by_____

Joseph Stalin

In a speech given in 1947 warning against communist expansion, United States Deputy Secretary of State Dean Acheson linked the communist attempt to take over Greece to______

an apple barrel with one rotten apple corrupting the others

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) was formed in 1949 by the Unites States and representatives of Western European states for the purpose of_____

providing mutual defense:an attack against one was an attack against all.

With Nikita Khrushchev's "thaw" following his consolidation of power in 1956, some Eastern European countries were able to secure a measure of independence from the Soviet Union, such as Poland did under its leader____

Wladyslaw Gomulka

Although all of Western Europe experienced economic recovery in the post-World War II years, one county in particular,_______, had a spectacular recovery.

West Germany

During the first decades of economic recovery following World War II, one country, _____, had a seemingly insatiable need for workers. Transient workers from all over Europe were dawn by the high demand for labor

West Germany

Two of the most influential international agencies, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, were designed to establish a stable economic landscape and were established in 1944 at_____

Bretton Woods

The British system of social welfare was grounded in the economic theories of ___

John Maynard Keynes

The tenets of Marxism called for a revolution by the proletariat, the industrial workers, but China in the 1940s was a nation of peasants, so an adaptation of Marxism was provide by_____

Mao Zedong

Having been successful in their attempts to seize power in many places in the years following World War II, the communists continued pressing open warfare in many countries such as______

Korea

For the most part, when the European colonial powers left Africa, their legacy was______

such that virtually none of the former colonies possessed the means to make independence work

The French appeared to have won a colonial war in Vietnam in 1951, but rather than begin peace talks and arrive at depolarization on favorable terms, they fought on and eventually lost everything at the battle of_____

Dien Bien Phu

Although the war in Indochina was hard on the French, the war in Algeria was mush harder since it invalided fighting on three fronts: a guerrilla war in the countryside, a war of terror fought in Algeria's cities, and a war_____

of opinion at home, politically dividing the country bringing down the government

Even with Nikita Khrushchev's desire to improve relations with the West and recede tensions, military events occasionally escalated almost to the point of war, as in 1962, when_______

the Soviet Union attempted to install intermediate-range ballistic missiles and other offensive military equipment in Cuba

President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivered a farewell address to the United States in which he warned that _____

a military-industrial complex had taken shape and that its influence was felt at every level of government in the United States

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