List of Primates, Prosimians, Great Apes, Old World and New World Monkeys

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Primates

mammal of the order

Proismian

most are nocturnal (active at night), smallest in size, 50 species. (Ex. Lemurs in Madagascar)

Old World Monkeys

Africa and Asia, smaller in size, diurnal (active at day)

New World Monkeys

include more than 200 species, at South and Central America

Great Apes: Apes & Human

about 14 species: gorillas, bonobos, and chimpanzees in Africa.
Organutans and gibbons in Southeast Asia
larger in size (except for gibbons), diurnal (active at day), and no tails.

Baboons

Five different species, live in Africa
Averaged 33-82 lb. (15-37kg.)
Spend much of their time on ground
Prefer savana and other semi-and habitats, though a few live in tropical forests.

Orangutans

Found only in Sumatra and Boreno
Enormous arm span, 7ft wing span. Height around 5 ft.
Animals have survived as long as 60 years in captivity.
More solitary than other apes, infants will stay with their mothers for six or seven years.

Gorillas (700 mountain gorilla)

Only 700 left in the wild.
They can climb trees, but mostly at ground.
Community of up to 30.
Led by one older alpha male.
Alpha male hormone cause their hair to turn silver.
Include some younger males, females, and their offspring.
In captivity, they are intelligent and even learned simple human sign language.

Bonobos

Relative of Chimpanzee.
Live only in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Can walk bipedally for longer of time than other apes
Their society is peaceful, matriarchal, and more egalitarian.
Live in groups up to 100, break into foraging groups by day and gather at the nest at night.

Chimpanzees

Normally walk on all four knuckles, can stand and walk upright.
Eat fruits, plants, insects, and meat including carrion.
Chimpanzees are one of few animal species that uses tools.

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