Cardi is an example of which word part?
What word parts make up the medical term arthroscopy?
word root, combining vowel, suffix
Which combining form means joint?
Which is a suffix that means measure?
Wilm's tumor is an example of a(n):
AIDS is an example of an acronym or abbreviation?
What is the definition of the medical term intrahepatic?
pertaining to within the liver
Which prefix means above or excessive?
Study of the stomach is the definition of which medical term?
Which is the medical term that means pertaining to the stomach and liver?
How many word roots are in osteoarthritis?
What is the definition of the medical term osteitis?
inflammation of the bone
What is the definition of the suffix -scopy?
use of an instrument for viewing
What is the meaning of the prefix ab-?
The pregnant client will soon deliver a baby, head first. This presentation is known as:
In a dorsal recumbent position, the client is lying on his/her:
If a physician ordered a lateral chest x-ray, the x-ray will be taken from which view?
The patient has an injury on his shin. The nurse should check the circulation distal to the point of injury. The nurse should check circulation in the:
The medical term for pertaining to below a reference point is:
What is part of the viscera of the abdominal cavity? liver, cervix, kidney?
If a patient presents complaining of lower back pain, the health care provider would complete a close assessment of which region?
Which abdominal region is just below the cartilage of the ribs?
The health care provider conducts an interview and assessment to discover the cause of the client's disease, which is the
The patient complains of headache and nausea. The health care provider should chart these:
A radiologic procedure that uses computer imaging to produce three-dimensional images of organs in the chest and abdomen is know as a(n):
Which is a suffix that means pertaining to?
List building blocks of the body in order, from simple to complex.
molecules, cells, tissues, organs
The word root that means color is:
One who studies tissues is known as a(n):
DNA, which contains genetic material, is the universal acronym for:
The parts of a cell that perform many of its functions, such as construction of molecules and release of energy, are known as:
Which is NOT a type of muscle tissue? skeletal, cardiac, smooth, or nerve?
Which prefix means up, toward, or apart?
The prefix meta- means:
after or change
Which combining form means flesh or muscle?
Which suffix means formation, cause, or produce?
A malignant tumor of glandular epithelial tissue is known as:
The spreading of cancer cells from the primary tumor is known as:
A malignant carcinoma that arises from connective tissue is known as:
A treatment for cancer using drugs is known as:
Which is the medical term for movement toward the body midline?
Which combining form means curved?
The medical term for inflammation of the tendon and synovial membrane that surrounds a joint is:
A chronic skin condition characterized by red lesions with silvery scales is known as:
Which medical term means disease-related death of tissue?
In the skeletal system, the combining form myel/o means:
With this disease, inflammation of the wrist causes pressure against the median nerve.
carpal tunnel syndrome
A tear of fibers within a MUSCLE is called a:
The medical term bradykinesia means:
abnormally slow movement
This type of arthritis is caused by an autoimmune process.
The paraplegic must exercise his muscles daily to prevent a reduction in muscle size and strength known as:
This disease is characterized by an abnormal loss of bone density.
The suffix that means surgical fixation or fusion is:
The medical term for inflammation of the tendon is:
The elderly patient fractured her hip and needs a hip replacement. She will be scheduled for an
Which disorder affects the big toe with pain caused by deposits of uric acid crystals?
Select the combining form that means bone marrow.
The medical suffix that means view of is:
The patient's skin has a yellowish coloration. The health care provider should chart that the skin:
Vitiligo is defined as a:
condition in which a loss of pigment-producing cells results in whitish areas of skin
The word root that means nail is:
The word root myel means:
Which type of joint allows the most movement between bones and occurs in the knee, elbow, wrist, and shoulder?
An injury to the skin that causes discoloration and swelling without breaking the skin surface is known as a:
Closing a tendon with sutures is known as:
A surgical puncture of a joint to withdraw or aspirate fluids from the synovial cavity is known as
Inflammation and degeneration of a joint is known as:
This is a disease that causes progressive muscular weakness and deterioration.
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
A medical field that emphasizes the relationship between the musculoskeletal system and overall health, with an emphasis on preventative medicine, is:
An abscess is defined as:
a collection of pus from a localized infection
Surgical excision of part of a vertebra as part of treatment for a herniated disk is:
This type of arthritis is caused by the wear and tear that occurs with age
The abused client comes to the emergency room with multiple purplish patches on the skin caused by leaking blood vessels. The health care worker would chart that the client has:
The definition of the suffix -malacia is:
A tear of fibers within a LIGAMENT is called a:
The pale area at the proximal end of the nail is the:
Select the combining form that means joint.
The combining form myc/o means:
A small, solid, circumscribed skin elevation is a:
An abnormal sensation of numbness and tingling without an objective cause is known as:
The correct meaning of the root in the term cephalalgia is:
The physician has prescribed a medication to relieve the patient's pain. The nurse should prepare to give a(n):
A patient presents to the emergency department complaining of numbness and weakness on his left side. The doctor believes this patient is experiencing a stroke (irreversible death of brain cells due to the cutoff of blood supply to the brain). The correct abbreviation for this medical condition is:
CVA, cerebrovascular accident
The definition of diplopia is:
This is a chronic disease characterized by uncontrollable tremors
The thin film of neurons in the back of the eye that contains photoreceptors known as rods and cones is the:
The client has paralysis on one side of the body. The chart would show that the client
The patient is scheduled to have a diagnostic procedure that records the electrical impulses of the brain. This is a(n):
Which prefix means all or entire?
The word root that means sensation or perception is:
The correct meaning of the word root in the term neuroma is
This disease is caused by deterioration of the myelin sheath that covers the axons within the brain.
MS, multiple sclerosis
An incapacitating mental disorder indicated by a gross distortion of emotions and an incapacity to recognize reality, relate to others, and cope with ordinary demands of daily life is known as:
The medical term for inflammation of the membrane that covers the surface of the brain and spinal cord (inflammation of the meninges) is:
The medical term for temporary loss of consciousness (fainting) is:
Know how to spell Alzheimer's
Select the combining form that means mind.
Blepharoptosis can be defined as:
a drooping eyelid
An eye disease characterized by increased intraocular pressure is:
The dilation of a blood vessel that supplies the brain is known as
Involuntary, rhythmic movements of the eye are known as
An injury to the soft tissue of the brain from a blow or violent shaking, which results in altered mental function, is called a:
The definition of myelitis is:
inflammation of the spinal cord
The combining form that means lens is
The thin sheet of cells that covers the anterior surface of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid is the:
The center of thought, personality, emotions, and sensory perception is the
The medical term that means eyestrain is
The medical term for being paralyzed from the neck down is:
The study and medical practice of the nervous system is:
The ring of smooth muscle that forms the colored part of the eye is the:
A chronic degenerative disease of the brain indicated by hand tremors, rigidity, and shuffling gait is known as:
Inflammation of a nerve is known as
The combining form somat/o means
An abnormal sensation of numbness and tingling caused by an injury to a nerve is known as:
Repair of a detached retina, in which a portion of the sclera is resected and an implant inserted, is
A localized swelling at the edge of an eyelid caused by obstruction of a meibomian gland is known as
The definition of encephalitis is
inflammation of the brain
The medical term for paralysis of both legs is:
The medical term for an abnormal condition of a gland is:
The medical term for abnormal protrusion of the eyeballs is:
A medical term for the sensation of whirling motion is:
The medical term for inflammation of a gland is
The client complains of a sensation of dizziness. The health care worker should chart that the client is experiencing:
Excessive buildup of ear wax in the external auditory canal is:
Select the combining form that means gland.
Cushing's syndrome develops because of abnormal amounts of hormone from this gland
Which gland secretes growth hormone (GH)?
anterior lobe of pituitary gland
This gland is located on top of the kidney.
Choose the term for a cancerous (malignant) tumor with a gland-like pattern of cells
Hypersecretion of growth hormone in an adult results in which disorder?
Tetany, which leads to excitation of nerves and muscle spasms, is caused by a deficiency of:
The use of radioactive iodine to treat a disease of the thyroid gland, such as a thyroid tumor, is:
radioiodine therapy (RAI)
The medical term for low blood sugar is:
Congenital hypothyroidism in children, which results in reduced mental development and dwarf-like physical stature, is:
Otosclerosis is hardening in the ear of the:
stapes and oval window
Diabetes insipidus is caused by
undersecretion of ADH, antidiuretic hormone
Select the medical term for excessive thirst.
The medical term for total hearing loss is:
Hirsutism in women is caused by
hypersecretion of androgens by the adrenal cortex
A condition resulting from excessive thyroid hormone levels is known as:
Aldosterone, which regulates body-fluid balance and blood pressure, is secreted by the:
Which endocrine gland is known as the "master gland" due to the control it maintains over other glands?
The medical term for impaired hearing is:
This gland is located in the head.
The medical term tympanoplasty means:
surgical repair of the tympanic membrane
The term hirsutism means:
excessive body-hair growth
The meaning of the prefix in the term hypothyroidism is
The process of using a handheld instrument to view and examine the ear is called:
The meaning of the root in the term hyperglycemia is:
The definition of stapedectomy is:
excision of the stapes to restore hearing
The term goiter means
abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland, forming a lump in the neck
The medical term for high blood sugar is
Parathyroidectomy is the removal or excision of:
one or more parathyroid glands
The prefix syn- means:
Which of the following is not a possible complication of diabetes mellitus?
The suffix that means condition of is
The term for the chamber that joins the semicircular canals and the cochlea and contains sensory receptors that respond to changes in body position for equilibrium is:
Diseases that are caused by a person's own immune response attacking otherwise healthy tissues are known as:
A symptom of a pounding, racing, or skipping heartbeat is called
The meaning of the first root in the term atherosclerosis is
A condition characterized by the inability of a weak left ventricle to pump enough blood through the body is:
congestive heart failure
Hemochromatosis is a(n):
inherited disorder that results in an excessive accumulation of iron deposits in the body
An ultrasound procedure that evaluates blood flow in an effort to determine the cause of a localized reduction in blood flow is:
The prefix brady- means
The medical term for an abnormally dilated vein is
The process of dissolving a blood clot is:
The upper chambers of the heart are called the:
A disease that can be spread from person to person is called:
This is the medical term for a blood sample that contains red blood cells of unequal sizes
A cancer of the blood-forming tissue in bone, red bone marrow, is:
Misshapen red blood cells that tend to clump together are a sign of
sickle cell anemia
Which blood cells perform the role of preventing fluid loss following an injury by releasing proteins that result in the formation of blood clots through coagulation?
This type of anemia is caused by the red bone marrow's failure to produce enough RBCs
The cessation of heart activity is called:
The medical term for an abnormal heart rhythm is:
A disease caused by a bacterium and its toxin, resulting in inflammation of mucous membranes primarily in the mouth and throat, is:
A term used to describe a lack of a regular heart rhythm is:
The medical term for rupture of red blood cells is
Which bacteria, if inhaled, are most likely fatal?
A disease that develops without a known or apparent cause is called:
This is the medical term for the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream
The medical term for abnormally large red blood cells is:
A patient suffered multiple injuries in a severe car accident and has had extensive bleeding as a result. The medical term for an abnormal loss of blood from the circulation is
The lower chambers of the heart are called the
Cardiac tamponade is:
acute compression of the heart due to the accumulation of fluid within the pericardial cavity
Chest pain usually caused by an insufficient supply of oxygen to the heart is:
A congenital defect in which the opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta that allows blood to pass across during fetal circulation before birth fails to close after birth is known as
patent ductus arteriosus
A patient presents to the clinic complaining, "Every time I get even the tiniest cut, I bleed and bleed and bleed." The doctor suspects that this patient has an inherited bleeding disorder that results from defective clotting proteins. This disease is called:
The valve that channels blood to flow in one direction from the left atrium to the left ventricle is the:
mitral or bicuspid valve
A disease that is caused by the immune system attacking one's own tissues is called:
A chronic condition characterized by the inability of the left ventricle to pump enough blood through the body to adequately supply systemic tissues is:
congestive heart failure
A recording of a procedure in which the electrical events associated with the beating of the heart are evaluated is an:
A general term for any abnormal condition of the blood is
A disturbance or abnormality of the heart's normal rhythmic cycle is known as:
Which of the following will interfere with the normal clotting process due to a decreased number of platelets?
Visual examination of the abdominal cavity with an instrument that includes a camera, fiber optics, and a long flexible tube is a:
The medical term for discharge of fat in the stool is
A patient presents to the clinic complaining of bloating, abdominal discomfort, and irregular bowel movements. His doctor thinks he might have a chronic disease characterized by periodic disturbances of large-bowel function without clear physical damage. The name for this disease is
irritable bowel syndrome IBS
A 5-year-old boy comes to the office today with his mother. He is wheezing and having difficulty breathing. The doctor believes he might have a condition of the lungs characterized by widespread narrowing of the bronchioles. The medical term for this condition is:
inflammation of the intestines
Which structure of the respiratory system arises from the trachea and divides to form extensive branching within the lungs?
The organ that is responsible for the production of bile, the recycling of red blood cell components, and the removal of toxins from the blood is the:
A patient has been a three-pack-per-day smoker for the last twenty years. He comes into the office complaining of shortness of breath. The doctor believes he might have a chronic lung disease where alveoli lose their elasticity and burst. The medical name for this disease is:
The medical term for accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity is:
The medical term that means deficient levels of oxygen in the blood is:
Which of the following is not considered part of the upper respiratory tract?
The medical term for difficult swallowing is
When a patient arrives at the clinic, she is unable to speak any louder than a whisper. The doctor believes she might have inflammation of the voice box. The medical term for this condition is:
The medical term for abnormally high amounts of carbon dioxide in the blood is:
The medical term for slow breathing is:
An inflammation of the lungs caused by chronic inflammation of fine particles, which leads to the formation of a fibrotic tissue around the alveoli and reduces their ability to stretch with incoming air, is:
The medical term for inflammation of the colon is
The medical term for the ability to breathe only when upright is:
The prefix that means normal or good is
This disease involves a recurring backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus
The medical term for a protrusion of the upper portion of the stomach through the diaphragm and entering the thoracic cavity is:
A medication that is used to decrease peristalsis in the GI tract to stop diarrhea is:
A condition of the lungs characterized by widespread narrowing of the bronchioles and formation of mucous plugs that produces symptoms of wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing is
A nurse is starting a new job as a clinic nurse. Prior to starting, she needs to have a skin test, which is used to determine the presence of tuberculosis infection. This test is also known as a _________________ skin test.
A term that is used to mean low levels of oxygen in the body is:
Your patient is a 14-year-old girl. Even though she is six feet tall, she weighs only 100 pounds. Her doctor suspects that she might have an eating disorder in which the patient denies food due to a compulsion to become thin. The medical name for this condition is:
The medical term for the condition of stones in the gallbladder or bile ducts is:
The medical term for indigestion is:
When blood flow is restricted to a protruding organ, it is called a
The surgical creation of an opening into the colon by way of the abdominal wall is a(n):
The word root rhine means:
The medical term for coughing up and spitting out blood is:
Which is a segment of the large intestine?
The suffix -cele means
hernia or protrusion
An ileus is a(n):
obstruction of the intestine
A vagotomy is defined as:
surgical dissection of branches of the vagus nerve, which innervates much of the GI tract
Inflammation of the tongue is:
Irritable bowel syndrome is a(n):
chronic disease characterized by periodic disturbances of diarrhea and constipation without clear physical damage
The medical term for whooping cough is:
A blockage in the pulmonary circulation caused by a moving blood clot is a(n):
The male gametes are
Excessive growth of the prostate gland that is nonmalignant and results in constriction of the urethra is:
benign prostatic hypertrophy
An abnormally persistent erection of the penis, usually accompanied by pain and tenderness, is:
The medical term dysuria means:
difficulty or pain in urination
A patient has an infection in her bladder and urethra The abbreviation for this condition is
The medical term for a stone is:
A patient has a condition where the exit of urine from the kidney is blocked, resulting in backup of urine and distension of the renal pelvis. The medical name for this condition is:
The client reports that he has to get up twice a night to urinate. The health care worker should chart that the client has:
The medical term for a congenital defect where the urethral opening is abnormally positioned on the dorsal surface of the penis is:
The medical term for a specialist in treating kidney disease is
The medical term ureterostenosis means
condition of a narrowed ureter
The medical term for surgical repair of the bladder is:
The medical term for sugar in the urine is:
The medical term for the involuntary discharge of urine during coughing, sneezing, or straining is:
The client is having difficulty voiding after surgery, and the nurse notes that the bladder is full. Abnormal accumulation of urine in the bladder resulting from an inability to void is known as
A narrowing of the urethra is called a
The medical abbreviation for a blood test used to check for possible prostate cancer is:
An ultrasound procedure in which a kidney is imaged with the use of soundwaves is
The medical term for blood in the urine is:
A procedure that uses an endoscope modified to view the bladder is
An x-ray technique used in imaging the urinary bladder and ureters is a:
Presence of one or more stones in the kidney is
The sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea
is named after its characteristic symptom of urethral discharge
The absence of living sperm in semen, which is a sign of infertility, is known as
The structure(s) joining the kidneys to the urinary bladder is/are the:
The meaning of the suffix in the term orchidectomy is:
An abnormal dilation of the veins of the spermatic cord, caused by failure of the valves within the veins, is
Surgical fixation of a testis that draws an undescended testis into the scrotum is known as:
As the male urethra emerges from the bladder, what does it receive before passing through the prostate gland?
two vas deferens
The medical term for painful urination is:
A procedure that removes nitrogenous wastes and excess ions from the BLOOD, replacing the normal function of the kidneys, is:
The definition of the medical term lithotripsy is:
surgical technique that crushes stones
The medical term for an undescended testicle is:
The medical term for pus in the urine is:
When kidney function suddenly ceases, it is called
acute renal failure
A patient just had a surgical procedure done where prostate tissue was removed using an endoscope inserted in the urethr The abbreviation for this procedure is:
The most common bacteria-caused sexually transmitted disease in North America, with symptoms of urethritis and proctitis, is:
A gland that surrounds the urethra as it emerges from the bladder and secretes a milky alkaline fluid that contributes to semen is the:
The definition of polycystic kidney is:
kidney condition characterized by many polyps
The site of sperm cell production in the testes is the
The primary organs of the female reproductive system are the:
The client complains of irregular and excessive bleeding other than during menstruation. The health care worker would chart that the client has:
Inflammation of a fallopian tube is known as:
The condition of a sagging breast is known as:
An excision of a breast that includes removal of muscles and lymph nodes is a
An x-ray image of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium is a:
Which word root means woman
Suture of the vulva to repair a tear is known as a(n):
Excision of a fallopian tube and ovary is a(n):
A diagnostic procedure in which a sample of cells from the cervix and vagina are removed and examined microscopically for abnormalities is a:
The female gametes are:
A 33-year-old patient has not had her period for several months and is not pregnant. The medical term for absence of menstrual discharge is
A patient has complained of excessive bleeding during her menstrual perio The medical term for this is
The medical term for having more than two breasts is:
A condition in which endometrial cells grow and bleed outside the uterus is:
Benign tumors in the muscular wall of the uterus are called:
This disease is characterized by lack of ovulation, infertility, and the formation of numerous ovarian cysts.
polycystic ovarian syndrome
A rare and staphylococcal bacterial infection characterized by a rapid onset of symptoms including high fever, skin rash, and mental confusion is:
toxic shock syndrome
The medical term for endoscopic viewing of the vagina is
In this procedure, the cervix is dilated and a spoon-shaped instrument is used to scrape the uterine lining
This instrument is used to open the vaginal orifice for visual examination.
This is the medical term for the procedure where the fallopian tubes are severed and closed as a form of permanent female birth control.
Abnormal leakage of amniotic fluid, which indicates a rupture of the amniotic sac, is
This disease is characterized by the growth of endometrial tissue in abnormal locations, such as the pelvic cavity, fallopian tubes, or ovaries
The term for the developing human from the second day after conception until the eighth week is:
The combined form gravid/o means
The care of the elderly is managed by a physician specialist known as a(n):
The client is pregnant for the first time. She is known as a:
A complication of pregnancy with premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall, resulting in either premature birth or fetal death, is
A congenital defect of the vertebral column resulting from an absence of vertebral arches is known as
An incision through the amnion that ruptures the membrane as an inducement to labor is known as:
Measurement of the size of the fetus is:
A surgical delivery by making an incision through the abdomen and uterus is known as
The combining form that means umbilicus is:
The suffix -orrhexis means
The medical term lactogenic is defined as
An omphalocele is
a congenital herniation at the navel
Abnormal discharge of amniotic fluid is
This is a condition of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, edema, and protein in the urine
In this procedure, an incision is made in the vulva to widen the vaginal opening during labor.