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speaker

the narrator of a poem

line

a group of words on one line of a poem

stanza

a group of lines arranged together; a poem's "paragraph"

couplet

a two line stanza often found in sonnets

rhythm

the beat of a poem; includes most commonly iambic, anapestic, dactylic and trochaic

meter

the length of a line of poetry; created by the rhythm

Free Verse Poetry

poetry with no specific rhythm or rhyme patterns

end rhyme

a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

slant rhyme

a rhyme made by how a word is spoken versus what it looks like written

rhyme scheme

a pattern of rhyme; this pattern is shown with letters

onomatopoeia

words that imitate the sound they name

alliteration

consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words

consonance

a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words

assonance

a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry

refrain

a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem

simile

a comparison of two things using like, as, than, or resembles

metaphor

a direct comparison of two unlike things

hyperbole

exageration often used for emphasis

personification

an object, something natural, or an animal is given life-like qualities

symbolism

a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else

allusion

a reference in a literary work to something famous

imagery

language that appeals to the senses

lyric poem

a short poem in first person point of view that expresses an emotion, idea, or describes a scene

ballad

a song or songlike poem that rhymes

Shakespearean Sonnet

a fourteen line poem with a specific rhyme scheme

narrative poem

a poem that tells a story

concrete poem

a poem in which the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem

epic poem

a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation

blank verse

poetry with no rhyme scheme, but with a specific meter and rhythm

quatrain

a stanza of four lines; usually with alternating rhyme schemes

ode

A type of lyrical verse praising or glorifying an event or individual, describing nature intellectually as well as emotionally

cinquain poem

a short, usually unrhymed poem consisting of twenty-two syllables distributed as 2, 4, 6, 8, 2, in five lines

diamante poem

a seven-line poem that is in the shape of a diamond

haiku

a Japanese form of poetry, consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables. Usually about nature; written in present tense

epitaph

a brief poem inscribed on a tombstone praising a deceased person, usually with rhyming lines.

acrostic poem

first letter of each line, read down, spells the subject of the poem, free verse, usually does not rhyme

shape/concrete poem

the poem takes on the shape of its subject

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