a fibrous, thread-like tissue grouped into primary bundles by connective tissue capable of contracting and relaxing to affect bodily movement
demands a high rate of work; a very heavy load with few repetitions (higher weight, fewer reps)
requires a lightened load and increase in the number of repetions; lighter weight, more reps
A moderately heavy load and a moderate number of repetitions, with particular attention given to extending the joint through its full range of movement. (Moderate weight, moderate repetitions, full ROM)
The weight to be lifted or held for a given exercise.
Maximal contraction of muscle tissue necessary to lift or hold a given resistance or weight. Muscular strength is increased as resistance to the action is progressively increased
Static (isometric) Exercise
Muscle contraction without a change in the length of the muscle or the angle of the joint.
Dynamic (isotonic) Exercise
Muscle contraction with a change in the length of the muscle or the angle of the joint.
A dynamic muscle contraction where the resistance is greater than the force applied by the muscle and the muscle lengthens as it contracts
A dynamic muscle contraction where the muscle applies enough force to overcome the resistance and the muscle shortens as it contracts.
Movement of a part around an axis
Movement of a part away from the plane which splits the body into two equal halves, right and left.
Movement of a part toward the plane which splits the body into two equal halves, left and right.
Lowering of a part yielding to gravity when in the standing position.
Rising of a part against gravity when in the standing position.
Moving the foot outward at the ankle.
Moving the foot inward at the ankle
Straightening at a joint; increasing the angle between adjoining bones
Bending at a joint; decreasing the angle between adjoining bones
Rotation of forearm and hand to the palm-down position.
Rotation of forearm and hand to palm-up position.