A & P II Chapter 20 The Female Reproductive System (PART 2)

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MUCOUS MEMBRANE

What type of tissue lines the vagina?

SMOOTH

What type of muscle forms the vagina?

BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS

What is another name for the greater vestibular glands?

EXOCRINE

Are the greater vestibular glands exocrine or endocrine?

MUCUS FLUID

What do the greater vestibular glands secrete?

VESTIBULE

What is the space between the labia minora and the vaginal orifice called?

PECTORAL

What muscles do the ligaments of Cooper connect the breasts to?

FAT

What is deposited around the glands of the breasts and determines their size by the amount?

15 - 20
(FIFTEEN TO TWENTY)

About how many lobes does each breast contain?

ALVEOLI

What are the clusters of milk-secreting cells called?

LACTIFEROUS

What ducts drain the alveoli?

VULVA

What are females external genitalia referred to as?

MONS PUBIS

What is the skin-covered pad of fat over the symphysis pubis called?

PERINEUM

What is the area between the vaginal opening and anus called?

PERINEUM

What is an episiotomy a surgical cut of?

MENARCHE

What is the first menses called?

28
(TWENTY - EIGHT)

How many days in length are in the average menstrual cycle?

BLOOD FLOW

What is menses characterized by?

BLEEDING

What occurs on the first day of the menstrual cycle called Day 1?

PROLIFERATIVE

Which phase of the system begins after the menstrual flow ends?

PROLIFERATIVE

Which phase of the system does estrogen secretion reach its highest level?

SECRETORY

Which phase of the system begins with ovulation?

SECRETORY

Which phase of the system is the uterine lining the thickest?

14
(FOURTEEN)

About how many days before the next menses starts does ovulation occur?

SECRETORY

Which menstrual phase is the longest?

SECRETORY

Which phase of the system is progesterone the highest?

CHLAMYDIA AND
GONORRHEA

What is a common cause of PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)?

BACTERIAL

What type of infection is usually associated with PID (Pelvic Inflamatory Disease)?

MENSES

Which part of the menstrual cycle occurs on Days 1 - 5?

PROLIFERATIVE

Which part of the menstrual cycle occurs on Days 6 - 13?

OVULATION

Which part of the menstrual cycle occurs on Day 14?

SECRETORY

Which part of the menstrual cycle occurs on Days 15 - 28?

ECTOPIC

Having STDs increases the chance for what type of pregnancy-related event?

TOBACCO

Which substance increases the risk for ectopic pregnancy?

SALPINGECTOMY

What is the surgery to remove the fallopian tube called?

UNTREATED STDs

What is PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) a complication from?

PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE

What does PID stand for?

FEVER

PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) is characterized by pelvic pain and what else?

AMENORRHEA

What is the failure to have a menstrual period called?

FAT

What body level is too low that can cause amenorrhea to occur?

OSTEOPOROSIS

Which bone-related disease is long-term amenorrhea linked to?

BEFORE

Which week of menses does PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome) occur?

A DROP IN HORMONES

What is PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrom) due to?

MOOD SWINGS, IRRITABILITY,
WATER RETENTION, BREAST TENDERNESS,
AND FOOD CRAVINGS

What are the common symptoms of PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome)?

TRUE

True or False
PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome) is common?

FALSE

True or False
Most females with PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome) require treatment for it?

BENIGN

Are uterine fibroids malignant or benign?

30 - 50
(THIRTY TO FIFTY)

Which age group are fibroids more common in women?

AFRICAN - AMERICAN

Which race of women develops fibroids more often?

OVERWEIGHT

Are thin or overweight women more likely to develop fibroids?

HYSTERECTOMY

What is the procedure that removes the entire uterus?

10%
(TEN PERCENT)

What percentage of menstruating women does endometriosis affect?

EARLY MENARCHE

Endometriosis is more likely to occur in women who had a(n) early menarche or late menarche?

HEAVY

Are the menses often light or heavy if one has endometriosis?

40%
(FORTY PERCENT)

What percentage of women affected with endometriosis does infertility occur?

TRUE

True or False
Birth control pills are used to treat endometriosis?

PRE - CANCEROUS

Is cervical dysplasia a cancerous or pre-cancerous condition?

MILD

What is the most common form of cervical dysplasia?

NO

Does vaginal bleeding occur early in the course of cervical cancer?

YES

Does a girl or woman need Pap tests after taking the Gardasil vaccine?

NO

Is Gardasil an effective treatment for cervical cancer?

LEEP
(LOOP ELECTROSURGICAL
EXCISION PROCEDURE)

What is the most common surgical procedure to treat cervical dysplasia?

NO

Can cervical dysplasia be detected by a pelvic exam?

YES

Can cervical dysplasia be detected by a Pap test?

DECREASED

Have cervical cancer rates increased or decreased over the past 40 years?

30
(THIRTY)

Over what age is cervical cancer more common in?

INCREASED

Is the risk for cervical cancer decreased or increased with long-term use of birth control pills?

NO

Are there any early signs of cervical cancer?

3
(OVER SIX MONTHS)

In what series of injections is the Gardasil vaccine given?

NO

Does Gardasil prevent all the viruses linked to cervical cancer?

HPV
(HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS)

What is the most common sexually transmitted infection?

DIABETES

Whcih disease having high blood sugar levels increases the risk of yeast infections?

ANTIFUNGALS

What are yeast infections effectively treated with?

BV
(BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS)

What is the most common vaginal infection?

YEAST

Which vaginal infection presents with a clumpy, white "cottage cheese" discharge?

BV
(BACTERIAL VAGINOSIS)

Which vaginal infection presents with a grayish, white or yellow discharge?

NO

Do all women with BV (Bacterial Vaginosis) have symptoms?

CERVICAL

What cells is the Pap test a microscopic examination of?

DUCTAL CARCINOMA

What is the most common form of breast cancer?

50
(FIFTY)

Over what age are women more likely to develop breast cancer?

HPV
(HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS)

What infection is the most important risk factor for cervical cancer?

SKIN - SKIN

How is HPV (HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS) spread from person to person?

2
(TWO)

About how many years is HPV (HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS) cleared, in most, by the immune system?

WARTS, DYSPLASIA,
CERVICAL CANCER

What are the three common complications of HPV (HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS) infection in females?

NO

Do most people infected with HPV (HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS) have signs of the virus?

ONCE A YEAR

How often should normal-risk patients undergo Pap testing?

2ND
(SECOND)

Where is breast cancer listed in the leading cause of cancer death in females?

LEADING

Breast cancer is the leading or 2nd most common form of cancer in females?

8
(EIGHT)

1 in how many women will develop breast cancer, if they live to life expectancy?

MASTECTOMY

What is the term meaning "to surgically remove the breast"?

BLOODY

What type of nipple discharge is especially concerning?

LUMP IN BREAST

What is the most common sign of breast cancer?

ESTROGEN

What is blocked when using tamoxifen?

LUMPECTOMY

What is the term meaning "to surgically remove the cancerous lump"?

X - RAY OF BREAST

What is mammography?

LOW

Does mamography use high, medium, or low energy x - rays?

40
(FORTY)

What age does mammography begin?

MUCUS FLUID

What do the Bartholin's glands secrete?

75%
(SEVENTY - FIVE PERCENT)

What percent of menstruating females are affected by PMS (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome)?

MYOMECTOMY

What is the procedure that removes a fibroid from the uterus?

NO

Are there symptoms that come with cervical dysplasia?

COLPOSCOPY AND
CERVICAL BIOPSY

What two procedures confirms cervical dysplasia?

LEEP
(LOOP ELECTROSURGICAL
EXCISION PROCEDURE)

What is the procedure called that involves cutting out abnormal tissue with an electrified wire loop?

SQUAMOUS CELL
CARCINOMA

What is the most common type of cervical cancer?

ABNORMAL VAGINAL BLEEDING,
PAIN WITH INTERCOURSE,
AND DYSURIA

What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

68%
(SIXTY - EIGHT PERCENT)

What percentage of the 5 - year survival rate is for cervical cancer?

GARDASIL VACCINE

Which vaccine is recommended to females age 9 - 26?

GARDASIL VACCINE

What vaccine does not treat cervical cancer or warts?

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