Body Systems Chapter 9

83 terms by kac11

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bladder

cyst/o

glomerulus

glomerul/o

hernia, tumor, cyst

-cele

kidney

nephr/o

stone, calculus

lith/o

urine, urinary tract

-ur/o

renal pelvis

pyel/o

setting free, separation

-lysis

surgical fixation

-pexy

to crush

-tripsy

complete, through

dia-

enlargement, stretching

-ectasis

ureter

ureter/o

urethra

urethr/o

urination, urine

-uria

ureters

Urine is carried for the kidneys to the urinary bladder by the ___.

cystolith

A stone in the urinary bladder is known as a ___.

diuresis

The increased output of urine is known as ___.

urinary bladder

Before entering the ureters, urine collects in the ___.

urethra

Urine leaves the bladder through the ___.

nephrons

Urine is produced in the microscopic functional units of each kidney called ___.

urethra

In the male, the ___ carries both urine and semen.

urologist

A specialist who treats the genitourinary system of males is an ___.

epispadias

In ___, the urethral opening is on the upper surface of the penis.

ablation

The term ___ describes treatment in which a body part is removed or its function is destroyed. this type of procedure is frequently used to treat prostate cancer.

urethral meatus

The opening through which urine leaves the body.

glomerulus

The portion of nephron that is active in filtering urine.

renal cortex

The outer region of the kidney.

urethra

The tube from the bladder to the outside of the body.

ureters

The tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder.

pyelotomy

A surgical incision into the renal pelvis is ___

ureterorrhagia

The discharge of blood from the ureter is ___

polyuria

The term meaning excessive urination is ___

cystitis

The term meaning inflammation of the bladder is ___

urea

The major waste product of protein metabolism is ___

Wilms

a ___ tumor is a malignant tumor of the kidney that occurs in children.

incontinence

being unable to control excretory functions is known as ___

catheterization

the process of withdrawing urine from the bladder is known as urinary ___

Kegel

___ exercises are a series of pelvic muscle exercises used to strengthen the muscle of the pelvic floor to control urinary stress incontinence.

vesicovaginal

a ___ fistula is an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina.

anuria

the absence of urine formation by the kidneys is known as ___.

cystorrhaphy

the surgical suturing of the bladder is known as ___.

nephrolysis

the term meaning the freeing of a kidney from adhesions is ___.

oliguria

the term meaning scanty urination is ___.

hemodialysis

the process of artificially filtering waste products from the patients blood is known as ___.

nephritis

an inflammation of the kidney, most commonly caused by toxins, infection, or an autoimmune disease is called ___.

ureterolith

a stone located anywhere along the ureter is known as ___.

suprapubic catheterization

the placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made through thee abdominal wall just above the pubic bone is known as __ __.

cystopexy

the surgical fixation of the bladder to the abdominal wall is a ___.

transurethral prostatectomy

a __ __ (TURP) is the removal of excess tissue from the prostate with the use of a resectoscope.

hyperproteinuria

___ is abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine.

hydronephrosis

___ is the dilation of one or both kidneys.

cystourethrography

voiding ___ is a diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder.

nephrolithectomy

a percutaneous ___ is the surgical removal of a kidney stone through a small incision in the back.

ureterorrhaphy

___ means the surgical suturing of a ureter.

stress

___ incontinence is the ability to control the voiding of urine under physical stress such as running, sneezing, laughing, or coughing.

renal colic

__ __ is an acute pain in the kidney area that is caused by blockage during the passage of a kidney stone.

acute renal failure

__ __ __ has sudden onset and is characterized by uremia.

nocturia

mr. baldridge suffers from excessive urination during the night. the medical term for this is ___.

chronic

rosita lapinta inherited ___ kidney disease. these cysts slowly reduce the kidney function, and this eventually leads to kidney failure.

cystitis

Doris volk has a chronic bladder condition involving inflammation within the wall of the bladder. this is known as ___.

urethrostenosis

John danielson has an enlarged prostate gland. this caused narrowing of the urethra, which is known as ___.

epispadias

Norman smith was barn with the opening of the urethra on the upper surface of the penis. this is known as ___.

peritoneal dialysis

Henry wong's kidneys failed. he is being treated with __ __, which involves the removal of waste from his blood through a fluid exchanged in the abdominal cavity.

ureteroplasty

Roberta gridley is scheduled for surgical repair of damage to the ureter. this procedure is an ___.

prostate specific antigen

when Lenny nowickis __ __ __ blood test showed a very high PSA level, his physician was concerned about the possibility of prostate cancer.

glomerulonephritis

dr. morita's patient was diagnosed as having ___. this is a type of kidney disease caused by inflammation of the glomeruli that causes red blood cells an proteins to leak into the urine.

nephroptosis

mrs. Franklin describes her condition as a floating kidney. the medical term for this condition, in which there is a dropping down of the kidney, is ___.

uremia

acute renal failure has sudden onset and is characterized by ___. this condition can be cause by many factors, including a sudden drop in blood volume or blood pressure due to injury or surgery.

nocturnal enuresis

the term __ __ means urinary incontinence during sleep. it is also known as bed-wetting.

ureterectasis

the term meaning the distention of the ureter is ___.

hypoproteinemia

the presence of abnormally low concentrations of protein in the blood is known as ___.

nephrologist

a specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the kidneys is a ___.

cystostomy

the creation of an artificial opening between the urinary bladder and the exterior of the body is a ___.

nephrotomy

a surfiscal incision into the kidney is a ___.

nephrosclerosis

abnormal hardening of the kidney is known as ___.

cystoptosis

prolapse of the bladder into the urethra is known as ___.

ureterolysis

a prolapse of the female urethra is an ___.

nephromalacia

abnormal softening of the kidney is known as ___.

pyelonephritis

inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidney is known as ___.

urethrostomy

the surgical creation of an outside excretory opening from the urethra is an ___.

cystoplasty

the surgical repair of the bladder is a ___.

95% and 5%

the kidneys constantly filter the blood to remove waste products and excess water. these are excreted as urine, which is __% water __% urea and other body wastes.

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