Body Systems Chaper 5

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aort/o

Word part meaning aorta

arteri/o

Word part meaning artery

ather/o

Word part meaning plaque, fatty substance

angi/o

Word part meaning relating to blood or lymph vessels

brady-

Word part meaning slow

-emia

Word part meaning blood or blood condition

cardi/o

Word part meaning heart

-crasia

Word part meaning mixture or blending

erythr/o

Word part meaning red

ven/o

Word part meaning vein

leuk/o

Word part meaning white

phleb/o

Word part meaning vein

tachy-

Word part meaning fast or rapid

thromb/o

Word part meaning clot

hem/o

Word part meaning blood, relating to blood

leukocytes

The term meaning white blood cells is ___.

sinoatrial node

Commonly known as the natural pacemaker, the medical name of the structure is the __ __.

coronary arteries

The myocardium receives its blood supply from the __ __.

eosinophils

The ___ are formed in red bone marrow and then migrate to tissues throughout the body. These blood cells destroy parasitic organisms and play a major roll in allergic reactions.

mitral

The biscuspid valve is also known as the ___ valve.

right ventricle

The __ __ pumps blood into the pulmonary artery, which carries it to the lungs.

thrombocytes

The ___ are the smallest formed elements in the blood, and they play an important role in blood clotting.

embolus

A foreign object, such as a bit of tissue or air, circulating in the blood is known as an ___.

left ventricle

The __ __ carries blood to all parts of the body except the lungs.

leukocytes

The ___ are the most common type of white blood cell.

heart

A hollow, muscular organ

myocardium

Cardiac muscle

epicardium

External layer of the heart

endocardium

Inner lining of the heart

pericardium

Sac enclosing the heart

lipoprotein cholesterol

High-density __ __ is also known as good cholesterol.

bradycardia

An abnormally slow resting heart rate is described as ___.

atrial

In ___ fibrillation, instrad of pumping strongly, the heart muscle quivers ineffectively.

systolic

The highest pressure against the blood vessels is ___ pressure, and it occurs when the ventricles contract.

duplex ultrasound

The diagnostic procedure that images the structures of the blood vessels and the flow of blood through these vessels is known as __ __.

aneurysm

An ___ is a localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery.

hypoperfusion

A deficiency of blood passing through an organ or body part is known as ___.

arrhythmia

An ___ is an abnormal heart rhythm in which the heartbeat is faster or slower than normal.

Raynaud's

___ disease is a condition with symptoms that include of intermittent attacks of pallor, cyanosis, and redness of the fingers and toes.

defibrillator

An automated implantable cardioverter-___ is a double-action pacemaker.

coronary artery disease

The abbreviation CAD stands for _____________________.

electrocardiogram

The abbreviations EKG and ECG both stand for _________________.

atrial fibrillation

The abbreviation A-fib stands for __________________.

myocardial infarction

The abbreviation MI stands for ____________________.

ventricular fibrillation

The abbreviation VF stands for _______________________.

septicema

The systemic condition often associated with severe infections caused by the presence of bacteria in the blood is known as ___.

beta-blocker

A ____ reduces the workload of the heart by slowing the rate of the heartbeat.

megalobastic

The blood disorder characterized by anemia in which the red blood cells are larger than normal is known as ___ anemia.

antihypertensive

An ___ is administered to lower high blood pressure.

endocarditis

A bacterial infection of the lining or valves of the heart is known as bacterial ___.

serum

Plasma with the clotting proteins removed is known as ___.

thrombocytopenia

Having an abnormally small number of platelets in the circulating blood is known as ___.

carotid endarterectomy

The surgical removal of the lining of a portion of a clogged carotid artery leading to the brain is known as a __ __.

valvular prolapse

The abnormal protrusion of a heart valve that results in the inability of the valve to close completely is known as a __ __.

nitroglycerin

The medication ___ is prescribed to prevent or relieve the pain of angina by dilatingthe blood vessels to the heart.

aneurysmorrhaphy

___ means the surgical suturing a ruptured aneurysm.

aplastic

___ anemia is characterized by an absence of all formed blood elements.

electrocardiography

___ is the process of recording the electrical activity of the myocardium.

polyarteritis

___ is a form of vasculitis involving several medium and small arteries at the same time.

valvoplasty

___ is the surgical repair or replacement of a heart valve.

False

True or False: A thrombus is a clot or pieve of tissue circulating in the blood.

hemochromatosis

___ is also known as iron overload disease.

plasmapheresis

___ is the removal of whole blood from the body, separation of its cellular elements, and reinfusion of these cellular elements suspended in saline or a plasma substitute.

False

True or False: A vasoconstrictor is a drug that enlarges the blood vessels.

peropheral vascular disease

__ __ __ is a disorder of the blood vessels located outside the heart and brain.

hemangioma

Alberta Fleetwood has a ___. This condition is a benign tumor made up of newly formed blood vessels.

thrombosis

After his surgery, Ramon Martinez developed a deep vein ___ in his leg.

varicose

During her pregnancy, Polly Olson suffered from abnormally swollen veins in her legs. The medical term for this condition is ___ veins.

angina pectoris

Thomas Wilkerson suffers from episodes of severe chest pain due to inadequate blood flow to the myocardium. This is a condition that is known as __ __.

orthostatic hypotension

When Mr. Klein stands up too quickly, his blood pressure drops. His physician describes this as postural or __ __.

myelodysplastic syndrome

Juanita Gomez was diagnosed as having __ __. This bone marrow disorder is characterized by the insuffcient production of one or more types of blood cells.

electrocardiogram

Dr. Lawson read her patient's ___. This diagnostic record is also known as a ECG or EKG.

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Jason Turner suffered from cardiac arrest. The paramedics arrived promptly and saved his life by using __ __ (CPR).

thrombolytic

Darlene Nolan was diagnosed as having a deep vein thrombosis. Her doctor immediately prescribed a ___ to cause the thrombus to dissolve.

Ischemic Heart Disease

Hamilton Edwasrds Sr. suffers from ____________________ (IHD). This is a group of cardiac disabilities resulting from an insufficent supply of oxygenated blood to the heart.

atheroma

An ___, which is a characteristic of atherosclerosis, is a deposit of plaque on or within the arterial wall.

hemostasis

The term ___ means to stop or control bleeding.

phlebitis

Inflammation of a vein is known as ___.

dyscrasia

Blood ___ is any pathologic condition of the cellular elements of the blood.

aneurysmectomy

The surgical removal of an aneurysm is an ___.

arteritis

Inflammation of an artery or arteries is known as ___.

angiectomy

The surgical removal of a portion of a blood vessel is an ___.

phlebostenosis

The abnormal narrowing of the lumen of a vein is known as ___.

pericardiectomy

The surgical removal of a portion of the tissue surrounding the heart is a ___.

cardiorrhaphy

To surgically suture the wall of the heart is a ___.

phleborrhexis

Rupture of a vein is known as ___.

angiorrhaphy

The suture repair of any vessel, especially a blood vessel, is an ___.

cardiorrhexis

Rupture of the heart is known as ___.

pericardiorrhaphy

To suture the tissue surrounding the heart is a ___.

angionecrosis

The tissue death of the walls of the blood vessels is known as ___.

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