Cosmetology -- Pivot Point Chapter 3

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Pivot Point Cosmotology Fundamentals Chapter 3: Anatomy & Physiology

Which area of science involves the study of the organs and systems of the body?
a. myology
b. histology
c. anatomy
d. physiology

c. anatomy

What three basic parts of cells are found in all human cells?
a. muscle, cytoplasm, cell membrane
b. nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane
c. muscle, protoplasm, cell membrane
d. nucleus, cytoplasm, connective tissue

b. nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane

The control center of cell activities, is called the:
a. nucleus
b. cytoplasm
c. protoplasm
d. cell membrane

a. nucleus

The outer surface of the cell which encloses the protoplasm is known as the:
a. nucleus
b. cytoplasm
c. anabolism
d. cell membrane

d. cell membrane

Most of the activities or production of the cell take place in the:
a. nucleus
b. stomach
c. cytoplasm
d. cell membrane

c. cytoplasm

Which of the following is NOT an example of metabolism?
a. building up of larger molecules from smaller ones
b. controlling the basic functions and activities of the cell
c. releasing energy to perform specific body functions
d. breaking down of larger molecules or substances into smaller ones

b. controlling the basic functions and activities of the cell

The process of building up larger molecules from small ones is:
a. anabolism
b. catabolism
c. physiology
d. cell division

a. anabolism

The release of energy within a ell necessary for the performance of specific body functions is called:
a. sleep
b. osteology
c. anabolism
d. catabolism

d. catabolism

What is the role of the epithelial tissue?
a. coordinate body functions
b. contract to produce motion
c. support, protect and hold the body together
d. over and protect body surfaces and internal organs

d. over and protect body surfaces and internal organs

Which type of tissue coordinates body functions in addition to carrying messages to and from the brain and spinal cord?
a. nerve
b. muscular
c. epithelial
d. connective

a. nerve

A separate body structure composed of cells of two or more different tissues is a(n):
a. organ
b. tissue
c. system
d. muscle

a. organ

A group of body structures that, together, perform one or more vital functions of the body is a(n):
a. cell
b. tissue
c. organ
d. system

d. system

The skin makes up the:
a. muscular system
b. endocrine system
c. integumentary system
d. framework of the body

c. integumentary system

Which system is the physical foundation of the body?
a. skeletal system
b. muscular system
c. endocrine system
d. circulatory system

a. skeletal system

The point at which two or more bones are joined together is called a:
a. joint
b. tendon
c. synapse
d. ligament

a. joint

Osteology is the area of science that is the study of:
a. bones
b. germs
c. nerves
d. muscles

Osteology

What is the technical term for bone:
a. os
b. hyoid
c. vomer
d. humerus

a. os

Long bones are found in the:
a. legs
b. back
c. chest
d sckull

a. legs

Bone is the hardest structure in the body and is composed of 1/3 organic matter and:
a. 2/3 oxygen
b. 2/3 nitrogen
c. 2.3 hydrogen
d. 2/3 mineral matter

d. 2/3 mineral matter

Which of the following is NOT a function of the skeletal system?
a. allowing body movement
b. producing red and white blood cells
c. sending and receiving body messages
d. surrounding and protecting internal organs

c. sending and receiving body messages

Which body system has the function to give the body shape and strength?
a. skeletal system
b. nervous system
c. endocrine system
d. circulatory system

a. skeletal system

Which system has the function of surrounding and protecting internal organs?
a. skeletal system
b. endocrine system
c. circulatory system
d. respiratory system

a. skeletal system

All of the following are bones of the cranium EXCEPT:
a. frontal
b. occipital
c. temporal
d. metacarpal

d. metacarpal

Mary is performing a scalp massage on a client. Which of the following bones would be most affected by the massage Mary is offering?
a. frontal
b. ethmoid
c. sphenoid
d. phalanges

a. frontal

The parietal bones form the:
a. cheek
b. upper jaw
c. bridge of the nose
d. crown and upper sides of the head

d. crown and upper sides of the head

The two bones located on either side of the head above the ears and below the parietal bones are the:
a. vomer bones
b. turbinal bones
c. palatine bones
d. temporal bones

d. temporal bones

What is the largest bone of the facial skeleton?
a. nasal
b. turbinal
c. lacrimal
d. mandible

d. mandible

The upper cheek and bottom of theeye socket are formed by the malar and which other bone?
a. vomer
b. palatine
c. lacrimal
d. zygomatic

d. zygomatic

The smallest bones of the facial skeleton that form the front part of the inner, bottom wall of the eye socket are the:
a. nasal
b. malar
c. lacrimal
d. zygomatic

c. lacrimal

The seven bones that form the top part of the spinal columns are called:
a. carpals
b. phalanges
c. metacarpals
d. cervical vertebrae

d. cervical vertebrae

The large, flat bone extending from the middle of the back upward to the joint where it attaches to the clavicle is called the:
a. rib
b. scapula
c. sternum
d. humerus

b. scapula

The bone located on the little finger side of the lower forearm is the:
a. ulna
b. hyoid
c. sternum
d. humerus

a. ulna

The eight carpals held together with ligament make up the:
a. knee
b. wrist
c. hand
d. elbow

b. wrist

The five long, thin bones that form the palm of the hand are the:
a. carpals
b. maxillae
c. phalanges
d. metacarpals

d. metacarpals

Myology is the study of the:
a. cells
b. organs
c. muscles
d. skeleton

c. muscles

One function of the muscular system includes supporting the:
a. brain
b. skeletal system
c. digestive system
d. endocrine system

b. skeletal system

The muscles that respond to commands regulated by will are referred to as:
a. cardiac
b. striated
c. involuntary
d. non-striated

b. striated

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