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Alipidic

Skin that does not produce enough sebum, indicated by absence of visible pores.

Alpha hydroxy acids

Acids derived from plants, mostly fruit, and used to exfoliate the skin.

Ampoules

Sealed glass vials containing highly concentrated extract in a water or oil base.

Anode

Positive electrode.

Aromatherapy

Therapeutic use of essential oils.

Astringents

Liquid that helps remove the excess oil in the skin.

Brushing machine

A rotating electric appliance with interchangeable brushes that can be attached to the rotating head.

Cathode

Negative electrode.

Chemical exfoliants

Chemical agent that dissolves dead skin cells.

Chucking

Massage movement accomplished by grasping the flesh firmly in one hand and moving the hand up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm or leg in a steady position.

Clay-based masks

Clay preparations used to stimulate circulation and temporarily contract the pores of the skin.

Cleansing milks

Nonfoaming lotion cleansers for the face.

Closed comedones

Clogged follicles just under the skin surface.

Contraindication

Procedure or condition that requires avoiding certain treatment to prevent undesirable side effects.

Couperose

European term describing areas of diffuse redness and dilated red capillaries.

Cream masks

Mask treatments for dry skin that do not harden or dry on the face.

Effleurage

Light, continuous stroking movement applied with the fingers (digital) or the palms (palmar) in a slow, rhythmic manner.

Electrode

Applicator for directing the electric current from the machine to the client's skin.

Electrotherapy

Electrical facial treatments.

Emollients

Oil or fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skin.

Enzyme peels

Chemical exfoliants that involve the use of enzymes that help speed up the breakdown of keratin, the protein in skin.

Exfoliants

Ingredient that assists in the process of exfoliation.

Exfoliation

Removal of excess dead cells from the skin surface.

Foaming cleansers

Wash-off product that contains a surfactant.

Fresheners

Liquid that helps remove excess oil in the skin.

Friction

Deep rubbing movement requiring pressure on the skin with the fingers or palm while moving them over an underlying structure.

Fulling

Form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out; used mainly for massaging the arms.

Gommages

Enzyme peels in which a cream is applied to the skin before steaming and forms a hardened crust that is then massaged or "rolled" off the skin; also called "vegetal peeling."

Hacking

Chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands in massage.

Humectants

Substances that absorb moisture or promote the retention of moisture.

Keratolyic enzymes

Substances that help speed up the breakdown of keratin, the protein in skin.

Light therapy

Application of light rays to the skin for treating disorders.

Masks

Special cosmetic preparations applied to the face to tighten, tone, hydrate, and nourish the skin.

Massage

Manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, pinching, kneading, tapping, and other movements to increase metabolism and circulation, promote absorption, and relieve pain.

Massage creams

Lubricants designed to give the practitioner a good slip (slippery quality) during massage.

Mechanical exfoliants

Methods of physical contact used to scrape or bump cells off the skin.

Microcurrent

A galvanic treatment that is a computerized device with many skin care applications, namely, toning.

Microdermabrasion

Mechanical exfoliation that involves "shooting" aluminum oxide or other crystals at the skin with a hand-held device that exfoliates dead cells.

Modelage masks

Facial masks containing special crystals of gypsum, a plaster-like ingredient.

Moisturizers

Products formulated to add moisture to the skin.

Motor point

Point on the skin over the muscle where pressure of stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle.

Open comedones

Also known as blackheads; follicles impacted with solidified sebum and dead cell buildup.

Ostium

Follicle opening.

Paraffin wax masks

Specially prepared facial masks containing paraffin and other beneficial ingredients; typically used with treatment cream.

Petrissage

Kneading movement performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing the tissue with a light, firm pressure.

Rolling

Massage movement in which the tissues are pressed and twisted using a fast back-and-forth movement.

Steamer

Heats and produces a stream of warm steam that can be focused on various areas of the skin.

Tapotement or percussion

Most stimulating massage movement, consisting of short, quick tapping, slapping, and hacking movements.

Telangiectasias

Dilated red capillaries.

Toners

Liquid that helps remove excess oil in the skin.

Treatment cream

Cream designed to hydrate and condition the skin during the night; heavier in consistency and texture than a moisturizer.

Vibration

In massage, the rapid shaking of the body part while the balls of the fingertips are pressed firmly on the point of application.

Wringing

Vigorous movement in which the hands, placed a little distance apart on both sides of the client's arm or leg and working downward, apply a twisting motion against the bones in the opposite direction.

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