Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

carbohydrate subunit

1C:2H:1O

protein subunit

amino acids held together by peptide bonds

lipid subunit

glycerol with fatty acid

nucleic acid subunit

nucleotides

carbohydrate examples

sugars, starches, glycogen

protein examples

enzymes, hemoglobin, keratin

nucleic acid examples

DNA, RNA

lipid examples

fats, oils, and waxes

starch

a polysaccharide that stores glucose in plants

glycogen

a polysaccharide that stores glucose in animals

function of carbohydrates

energy source, stucture

function of proteins

3rd source of energy, helps builds and repairs muscle tissue, makes hormones, enzymes, antibodies, and pigments

function of nucleic acids

code for proteins and genetic material

function of lipids

long term energy storage, reserved energy, cell membrane

sucrose

glucose + fructose

what names of sugars end with

-ose

what names of enzymes end with

-ase

saturated fats

"bad" fats - artery clogging

unsaturated fats

"good" fats

enzyme

protein that speed up chemical reaction

chitin

complex carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi; also found in the external skeletons of arthropods

cellulose

A polysaccharide that provides structural suppost for plants.

macromolecule

made in living systems from smaller building blocks covalently bonded; four classes: proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids

polysaccharide

any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules

monosaccharide

single sugar molecule

disaccharide

a sugar formed from two monosaccharides

phospholipid

type of macromolecule that makes up the cell membrane

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set