During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, what did composers use when they wanted to write a work that conveyed an upbeat, happy message?
Major Mode/Major Scale
What do voices and most orchestra instruments have in common?
can only sing or play one pitch at a time
What do Handel's Messiah, Mozart's Don Giovanni and Beethoven's Fifth Symphony have in common?
What was the challenge for madrigal composer?
integrate words and music - to have the music enhance the message of the words
What was Purcell position at Westminster Abby?
the organist at Westminster Abbey and the Chapel Royal
Describe Jesuit missionaries roles in music
explored the Great Lakes Regions during the seventeenth Century
Describe the musical setting of "Barbara Allen".
emotionally divorced from the lyric,conveying no sense of the tragedies told in the stanzas
What was the composer, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, financial status at the time of his death?
died penniless in part because he spent his money as fast as it came in
What was the tune for "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser" written by Franz Joseph Haydn used for?
later became the Protestant hymn, "Glorious Things of Thee Are Spoken" and also the national anthems of Austria and Germany
By 1750, what instrument had the piano had almost completely supplanted as the keyboard instrument of choice?
What main feature distinguishes the piano from the harpsichord?
The ability to control dynamic level through touch
What did the revolutionary qualities in Beethoven's music show?
set it apart from the music of other composers.
Who was one of the first important composers to produce a large quantity of dance music for piano?
What was the range of styles Tchaikovsky composed music in?
Symphony, opera, ballet, instrumental, chamber and song
Who did the "Empress of the Blues," Bessie Smith, become the darling of?
Became the "darling" of New York sophisticates during the 1920s
From the 1890's through the 1920's, what was one of the most popular concert bands in the United States?
Sousa's New Marine Band
Describe the concert setting of African-American spiritual.
His aim was to provide a classical style setting for melodies without suppressing their distinctly African American quality.
After being turned away from signing at Constitution Hall, where did Marian Anderson sing before a crowd of 75,000 people ?
How did George Gershwin begin his musical career?
As a song plunger someone who played music for prospective buyers
In the 1920s and 1930s what happened as soon as a song from a musical became a hit?
numerous artists would record it
Why did Nadia Boulanger not accept George Gershwin as a student?
she felt he had already found his compositional voice
What did Cliburn's victory in the piano division of the first International Tchaikovsky Competition came at the height of?
Who did Cage had studied with during the mid-1930's mostly in classes, but also privately on a few occasions?
What is the title of the Gershwin's opera that is a mix of classical and popular music?
Porgy and Bess