A situation in which a human receives less than 90% of their daily caloric needs. Mainly occurs in the developing world.
A US scientist who worked on wheat in Mexico during the 1940s and 1950s; is credited with beginning the green revolution. Won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work.
Specific genes from other organisms genetically engineered into them.
Transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structure to the female reproductive structure, may rely on animals like bees for transport.
Means that every person in a given area has daily access to enough nutritious food to have an active and healthy life. The goal of agricultural scientists and policymakers.
Diet so high in calories, saturated (animal) fats, salt, sugar, and processed foods and so low in vegetables and fruits that the consumer runs high risks of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, and other health hazards.
A shortage of nutrients that are essential. Some diseases that may result are maramus or kwashiorkor
A widespread human protein deficiency disease caused by a diet low in calories and protein or imbalanced in essential amino acids.
A form of protein deficiency, most often seen in starving children, characterized by retarded growth and abdominal distention caused by liver enlargement.
Any one of various substances used to kill harmful insects (insecticide), fungi (fungicide), vermin, or other living organisms that destroy or inhibit plant growth, carry disease, or are otherwise harmful.
Use of one kind of organism that is a predator or parasite of a pest species in order to reduce or eliminate populations of the pest. Classical example is introduction of cactus moth in Australia(Pg.270)
Integrated Pest Management
A combination of pest control methods that, if used in the proper order and at the proper times, keep the size of a pest population low enough that it does not cause substantial economic loss. (IPM)
Any process that involves the direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes.
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources.
The smalll, circular segments of DNA that are found in bacteria and that stay sparate from the bacterial chromosomes; used in genetic engineering.
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually genes, to modify products, to make or modify plants and animals, or to develop other microorganisms for specific purposes.
Transgenic crops that contain a gene from the bacterial species Bacillus thuringiensis that allows a natural insecticide to be produced in the crop.
Flavr Savr tomato
Tomatoes that were genetically engineered to produce much less of the enzyme that makes them become soft. They could be picked red and flavorful but still hard.
Genetically modified rice that produces edible beta-carotene, which the body can turn into vitamin A.
A genetically manufactured crop that was only approved for animals but was detected in Taco Bell shells.
Genetically modified seeds that produce plants which kill their own seeds. This results in farmers having to purchase seeds on a yearly basis, rather than saving the seeds created by the plants they harvest.
The Canola Case , Monsanto sued him for using their GMO seeds. Later on he sued Monsanto for contaminating his plants.
International agreement that states countries have the right to decide on safe transfer, handling and use of living modified organism resolution from modern biotechnology(Including GM)
Institutions that preserve seed types as a kind of living museum of genetic diversity
North of Norway and near the North Pole, a tunnel carved into a mountain that will contain numerous seed varieties of crops and plants that are predicted for possible extinction.
Places where livestock are concentrated in a very small area and raised on hormones and hearty grains that prepare them for slaughter at a much more rapid rate than grazing; often referred to as factory farms.
The process of removing chickens beaks with a hot blade to aviod cannibalism between the starving chickens.
The raising of plants or animals, such as fish or shellfish, in or at the bottom of the sea, a lake, a river, or other body of water
Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil- restoring crops with cash crops and reducing in-puts of fertilizer and pesticides.
Organic Food Protection Act
1990 Act that established national standards for organic products ... food can be labled organic.
Approach to farming and ranching that avoids the use of herbicides, pesticides, growth hormones, and other similar synthetic inputs.