9th Grade Vocab

Created by shegsoccer 

Upgrade to
remove ads

allegory

a story illustrating an idea or a moral prinicple in which objects take on symbolic meaning

alliteration

Used for poetic effect, a repitition of the initial sounds of several words in a group

allusion

a reference in one literary work to a character or theme found in another literary work

ambiguity

a statement which can contain two or more meanings

antagonist

a person or force which opposes the protagonist in the literary work

assonance

close juxtaposition of similar sounds, usually vowel sounds

atmosphere

overall aesthetic effect; a dominant mood or emotional effect

caesura

pause in a line of poetry, usually designated by a punctuation mark

catharsis

purification or purgation of the emotions through use of tragedy

cacophony

harsh, displeasing sound; produced by comination of words that require a staccato delivery. used well, it can vitalize the content of imagery

character

a person represented in a story

cliche

a trite (stereotyped) phrase

climax

moment of high tension in a story

conceit

an elaborate metaphor

conflict

oppostion of persons or forces

connotation

associated or secondary meaning of a word

consonance

repetition of constant sounds usually in the middle or end of words

convention

an established technique, practice, or device in literature or theater

denotation

dictionary definition of a word

denouement

final outcome, unraveling of the plot following the climax

deus ex machina

describes an unexpected, artificial, or improbable character, device, or event introduced suddenly in a work of fiction or drama to resolve a situation or untangle a plot

dialouge

conversation between two people

dichotomy

a division of a whole--nothing can belong simultaneously to both parts, and everything must belong to one part or the other. They are often contrasting and spoken of as "opposites."

diction

an author's word choice

double entrendre

figure of speech similar to the pun, in which a spoken phrase can be understood in either of two ways, with the secondary meaning often being sexual in nature

dramatic irony

the audience knows more about a story than the characters on stage

dynamic character

one who changes significantly during the course of the story. Changes considered to qualify a character as dynamic include changes in insight or undersanding, changes in commitment, and changes in values.

epiphany

manifestation of insight or revalation gained when one suddenly understands the essence of something when the 'get it' or recognize he commonplace for what it really is beneath the surfae and perceives its innder workings, its nature.

euphony

pleasing sound, accomplished through use of vowl sounds in words of serene imagery. Used well, it can create a sense of peace and harmony

exposition

background information

falling action

events that occur after climax on way to denouement

fiction

any writing that is not true, created by imagination

figurative language

opposed to literal language, it is often used and crafted for emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity

flashback

technique that interrupts chronological order of text by interjecting events or scenes or earlier occurrencces

flat character

a character that does not change during the course of a story, they merely serve a function and have limited characteriation. think of them as a cardboard cutout

foil

a character presented as a contrast to a second character so as to point out and/or highlight some aspect of the second charcter

foreshadowing

hinting at events that may occur later in the work

genre

a distinctive category of literary composition

hero

mythological or legendary figure, often of divine decent, who is endowed with great strength or ability

hyperbole

extreme exaggeration

imagery

language that appeals to the senses

interpretation

explaination of events, actions, or statements by the exploration of inner relationships

irony

use of words to express something other than, and especially opposite, of the literal effect

juxtaposition

placement of two opposing ideas, characters, objects nearly side by side for heightened effect

metaphor

a firgure of speech that associates two distinct things; the representation of one thing by another The image used to represent something else is the vehicle; the thing represented is called the tenor. (comparision without use of 'like' or 'as')

mood

the feeling we get when we read a work. generally synonyms with atmosphere

motif

a unifying element in an artistic work, especially any recurrent image, symbol, theme, character type, subject, or narrative detail.

narrative

story. either fictional or true, verse or prose

narrator

the speaker through whom the author tells the story, often a character in the work

omniscient

all knowing-inner thoughts and emotions of characters

onomatopoeia

words that sound like what they mean: hiss, bark, sizzle.

paradox

statement that seems self-contradictory or nonsensical on the surface but that, upon closer examination, may be seen to contain an underlying truth

parallel structure

grammatical similar construction. using it invites readers to compare and contrast the parallel elements

plot

arrangement and interrelation of events in a narrative

point of view

vantage point from which a narrative is told.first, third omniscient, third limited

protagonist

main character of a story, usually good

repetition

used for emphasis of authorial point/theme

resolution

culmination of plot

reversal

the point in a story when the protagonist's fortunes turn in an unexpected direction

rhetoric

art of persuasion through speaking and writing

rising action

refers to plot structure: events that contribute to the climax of the work

round character

more complex than flat or stock characters, and often display the inconsistences and internal conflcts found in most real people

setting

physical and social context in which the action of a story occurs.

shift

turning point, usually in a poem, that marks a change in emotion, attitude, subject etc

situational irony

there is an incongruity between what is expected to happen and what actually happens due to forces beyond human comprehension or control

static character

literary character who remains unchanged throughout the story

style

the distinctive and unique manner in which a writer arranges words to achieve particular effects. it essentially combines the idea to be expressed with the individuality of the author

symbolism

an object that represents itself as something else

syntax

arrangement-ordering, grouping, and placement-of words within a sentence. a componenet of grammar.

tension

the interrelation between the two types of meaning in a poem. signifies oppositions of densly interrelated components

theme

the central meaning or dominant idea in a literary work

tone

the author's implicit attitude toward the reader or the people, places, and events in a work as revealed by the elements of the author's style.

tragedy

a story that presents courageous individuals who confront powerful forces within or outside themselves with a dignity that reveals the breadth and depth of the human spirit in the face of failure, defeat and even death

unity

three types- action,time,and place

verbal irony

figure of speech that occurs when a person says one thing byt means the opposite. sarcasm basically

versimilitude

the quality of believability or realness of a work of literature

voice

the authorial presence that pervades a literary work lying behind or beyond such things as imagery, character, plot, or theme.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set