1000 + Medical Words, Terms, etc

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aborto

to miscarry (combining form)

coitus

sexual intercourse

colpo

vagina (combining form)

hystero

womb, uterus (combining form)

meno

month, menses, menstruation (combining form)

metro (metri)

womb, uterus (secondary (combining form)

oophoro

ovary (combining form)

salpingo

fallopian tube (combining form)

venereal

pertaining to sexual intercourse and the V in VD

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

cryptoorchitis

inflammation of the hidden testicle

galacto

milk (combining form)

gonado

seed (combining form)

testo

testicle (combining form)

cerebello

little brain (combining form)

encephalo

brain (combining form)

esthetics

pertaining to feeling

myringo, tympano

eardrum, tympanic membrane (combining form)

aniso

unequal (combining form)

blepharo

eyelid

ptosis

prolapse, drooping, falling down, sagging (suffix)

blepharoptosis

drooping of the eyelid

kerato

cornea (combining form)

lacrimo

tear, lacrimal duct, tear duct (combining form)

ophthalmo

eye (combining form)

reticulum

pertaining to a net, network,

metastasis

the process by which cancer cells are spread by blood or lymph circulation to distant organs

hystero

womb, uterus (combining form)

PET scan

Nuclear medicine imaging technique that helps physicians see how the organs and tissues inside the body are actually functioning.

beam

Ray of Light

scan

Process of using a moving device or sweeping beam of radiation to produce images of organs or structures of the body.

delusion

Characterized by bizarre thoughts that have no basis in reality; a false belief or abnormal perception held by a person despite evidence to the contrary.

schizophrenia

pertaining to a divided mind

meato

passage (combining form)

micturition

urination

perineum

the area between the genitals and anus;between the legs

peritoneum

Membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

pyelo

renal pelvis;pelvis of kidney (combining form)

uretero

ureter (combining form)

urethro

urethra (combining form)

kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra

The urinary system contains two _______, two ________, one __________ and one __________.

broncho (bronchi)

bronchi (combining form)

ortho

straight (combining form)

pectoro

breast, chest (combining form)

pneumo

air (combining form)

pulmono (pneumono)

lung (combining form)

rhonchus

snoring sound

lungs

external respiration takes place in the __________

tissue

internal respiration takes place in ___________

cilia

The nose is lined with mucous membrane which is covered with_______(hairlike processes).

epiglottis

The ___________covers the entrance of the larynx.

hypoxia

deficiency of oxygen;decreased breathing

agglutino

clumping (combining form)

allo

other (combining form)

aniso

unequal (combining form)

chromato

color (combining form)

coagulo

clots; to clot (combining form)

eosino

rose colored (combining form)

immuno

immunity (combining form)

lympho

lymph (combining form)

neutro

neither (combining form)

plasmo

plasma (combining form)

reticularcyte

cell network

sero

serum (combining form)

sidero

iron (combining form)

sideropenia

iron deficiency

thymo

thymus (combining form)

blood

fluid consisting of formed elements (erythrocytes, thrombocytes, leukocytes) and plasma

lymphatic system

protects the body against pathogens by phagocytosis

spleen

major site of erythrocyte (red blood cell) destruction and serves as a reservoir for blood and iron is released

tonsils

___________ filters bacteria and aid in the formation of white blood cells.

thymus

The ____________ manufactures infection-fighting T cells.

erythrocyte

red blood cell

erythrocyte

An ___________ is a biconcave disk that lacks nuclei and transports oxygen and carbon dioxide

oxygen, carbon dioxide

The function of an erythrocyte is to transport ___________ and _________ _________.

thrombocyte

The function of a _____________ is to clot blood.

leukocyte

white blood cell

leukocyte

The function of a __________ is to provide the body's main defense against invasion of pathogens (the military)

neutrophil

a granular leukocyte, named for the neutral stain of its granules, that fights infection by engulfing and eating bacteria (phagocytosis)

monocytes

type of leukocyte that provides one of the first lines of defense in the inflammatory process, phagocytosis.

lymphocyte

type of leukocyte that provides immune capacity to the body

T lymphocyte

type of leukocyte that plays essential role in the specific immune response of the body

albumin, globulin, fibrinogen, prothrombin

The four major plasma proteins are _________, ___________, ___________, and ___________.

IgG

the most common antibodies. passable through the placenta. provides passive immunity.

IgM

first antibody in response to bacterial and viral infections,

IgE

an antibody that is involved in hypersensitivity and allergies.

anisocytosis

condition in which the erythrocytes are unequal in size and shape

hematoma

Mass or collection of blood

hemorrhage

bursting forth of blood

hemostasis

stoppage of bleeding

Kaposi's sarcoma

Form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients. Consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs.

lymphangitis

inflammation of a lymph vessel

lymphedema

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the interstitial spaces causing swelling

lymphoma

malignant tumor of lymph nodes and lymph tissue

pancytopenia

an abnormally reduced or deficient number of all cellular components in the blood

thrombosis

abnormal condition of a blood clot

vasculitis

inflammation of a blood or lymph vessel

angio

vessel (primary(combining form))

arterio

artery (combining form)

athero

plaque; fatty substance (combining form)

auscultation

listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)

corporis

body

echo

reflected sound (combining form)

electro

electricity (combining form)

embolo

something inserted or thrown in (combining form)

infarction

necrosis of tissue due to ischemia

lipido

circulating fat (combining form)

occluso

to close up (combining form)

palpito

throbbing (combining form)

palpitation

a rapid and irregular heart beat

phlebo

vein (combining form)

phono

sound (combining form)

rrhythmo

rhythm (combining form)

septal

pertaining to a partition or separation

sphygmo

pulse (combining form)

steno

narrowing (combining form)

thrombo

clot of blood (combining form)

valvulo

valve (combining form)

vaso

vessel ((secondary)combining form)

infarction

process of dying

circulatory system

Another name for cardiovascular system

deoxygenated

_______________blood is delivered from the SVC and IVC and flows through the right atrium and right ventricle through the pulmonary artery to the lungs.

oxygen, oxygenated

Blood picks up __________ in the lungs and sends _____________ blood through the pulmonary veins to the left atrium and left ventricle, to the aorta and to the rest of the body.

red

What is the color that represents systemic arteries in medical books?

blue

What is the color that represents systemic veins in medical books?

superior vena cava

SVC

inferior vena cava

IVC

endocardium

inner lining of the heart

myocardium

muscular, middle layer of the heart

pericardium

the outer membrane sac surrounding the heart.

bifurcation

the act of splitting into two branches

midsternal line

a vertical line down the middle of the sternum

SA Node

pacemaker of the heart (abbreviation)

sinoatrial node

the heart's pacemaker, located in the wall of the right atrium

mitral valve (bicuspid)

heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle

bicuspid valve

Another name for the mitral valve

pulmonary

The ___________artery is the only artery in the body that carries blood deficient in oxygen.

tricuspid valve

valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle.

Purkinje fibers

fibers in the ventricles that transmit impulses to the right and left ventricles, causing them to contract

atrioventricular node

AV Node

AV Node

the ______ _________ transmits electrical impulses to the bundle of His (abbreviation)

carotid, brachial, radial

The three most common pulse checkpoints

capillaries

tiny vessels that join arterioles and venules

blood pressure

the pressure that is exerted by the blood against the walls of arteries

sphygmomanometer

instrument to measure blood pressure

stethoscope

instrument used for listening to internal body sounds

pulse pressure

difference between systolic and diastolic pressure

pulse

elasticity and tone of the artery

artery, arteriole, capillary bed, venule, vein

5 Capillaries

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