Phlebotomy Key terms quiz

40 terms by cdhernandez60

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Phlebotomy Key terms quiz first 40 terms

agglutination

clumping of red blood cells that occurs from the binding of antibodies and antigens

antecubital fossa

area in the middle of the arm, in front of the elbow, that houses the veins most commonly used for venipuncture

antibody

Complex protein substance produced in the presence of foreign substances, such as bacteria viruses, lipids, or carbohydrates, in order to protect the body

anticoagulant

agent that prevents blood from clotting

antigen

substance that causes the formation of an antibody when introduced into blood or tissue

aorta

largest artery in the body

arteriole

smaller branch of an artery; a miniture artery

artery

blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the tissues

atrium (atria)

One of two top chambers of the heart, known as the holding chambers

basilic vein

vein, used for venipuncture, that is not well anchored and tends to roll

basophil

largest numerous type of leukocytes; the granules are large and stain dark blue from basic dyes and often obscure the nucleus

biconcave

shape of an erythrocyte resembles the shape of a doughnut without the hole

blood type

description based on the ABO classification system, of the presence of specific antigens on the surface of red blood cells

capillary

smallest of all blood vessels, which allow the exchange of nutrients and oxygen between the cells and blood; capillaries connect arteries to veins

centrifugation

a procedure that separates blood into liquid and cellular components

cephalic vein

vein, used for venipuncture, that may be difficult to palpate

coagulation

cessation of bleeding; clot formation

cytoplasm

area of the cell outside the nucleus

deoxygenated

presence of a larger quantity of carbon dioxide than oxygen

diapedesis

process by which certain white blood cells can exit the capillaries and enter the tissues in response to pathogens

eosinophils

Leukocyte whose granules stain bright orange-red from eosin; aids the body in fighting parasites and numbers increase in allergies

erythrocyte

Red Blood Cells; an anuclear, biconcave disk-shaped blood cell that is responsible for transporting oxygen

fibrin

filamentous protein formed by the action of throbin on fibrinogen

fibrinogen

protein found in plasma; essential for clotting blood

granulocyte

white blood cells containing granuoles of various colors and chemical make-up; basophils, eosinophils, and neutrophils.

hematoma

collection of blood under the skin due to leakage of blood from a punctured vein or artery

hematopoietic

blood forming tissues

hemoglobin

Iron-rich protein molecules found in red blood cells; transports oxygen and carbon dioxide

hemolysis

destruction of red blood cells that allows hemoglobin to be released from the red blood cells

hemostasis

coagulation, or clot formation that repairs vessels damage and stops blood loss

jaundice

yellow coloration to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes.

leukocyte

white blood cell; round cell with a nucleus whose main function is to combat infection and remove disintegration tissues

lymphocyte

Leukocyte produced in the lymphoid tissue; a nongranular leukocyte that has a role in the body's immune system

lymphoid

is the term used to describe the lymph or the lymphatic system

median cubital vein

Most commonly used vein for venipuncture; located in the middle of the forearm

monocyte

Large leukocyte formed in bone marrow, with abundant cytoplasm and a kidney-shaped nucleus; ingest bacteria, dying cells, and debris in tissues

myeloid

developed from bone marrow

monoculear

having a single-lobed nucleus

neutrophil

Leukocyte that engulfs and digest pathogens found in tissues; its granules stain lavender

oxygenated

containing a higher concentration of oxygen than carbon dioxide

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