Social Studies: Revolutionary War CCDS 5 copen

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Bunker Hill or Breed Hill

Battle on hills over looking Boston; though the British won, the American's confidence grew

General Gage

British general in early part of war; won Bunker Hill

George Washington

first commander of American militia

Traitors

King George III's opinion of the colonists who rebelled against England

Thomas Paine

Author of Common Sense, a phamplet encouraging the colonists to break away from England

Republic

a government where the power to govern comes from the people not a king

Thomas Jefferson

Virginia lawyer who is credited with writing the Declaration of Independence

loyallists

colonists who remained loyal to the king

Mercenaries

1,000's of hired soldiers who were from other countries but who fought for Great Britian

Deborah Sampson

woman who dressed up as a man to join the continental army

Molly Pitcher

Mary Ludwig Hays, a patroit women who tended to the men in battle

Hessians

German mercenaries who fought against the Americans at Trenton, NJ after being attacked at daybreak

Battle at Saratoga

General Howe last turningpoint battle, convincing others to support the continental army

Valley Forge

Worst time of the war for the Americans; Washington's men were camped during a terrible winter here without supplies, food and medicine

Marguis de Lafayette

a frenchman who became one of Washington's most trusted aides

France

1rst European ally to America

George Rodgers Clark

led 200 troops to suprise British and claim the land west of the Appalachins for America

Guerilla warfare

a southern way of battle, developed by Francis Marion in the swampy backyards of SC (hit and run battle)

Privateers

private ships that were armes for battle to potentially damage Bristish warships

John Paul Jones

commander of the American ship, The Bonhomme Richard, who refused to lose to the larger British ship Seraphis

Seraphis

the losing in the greatest American naval battle of all time

General Cornwallis

British general who was trapped by the Continental Army at Yorktown, VA

General Greene

victorious American general at close of war

Minutemen

colonist who were ready to fight 'on a minute's notice

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