Biogeochemical Cycles

Created by Chris_Woods_The_Ninja 

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Macronutrient

The six elements life needs a lot of to survive. Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sulfur, Phosphorus, Nitrogen.

Micronutrient

All other 24 elements that life needs a small amount of to survive.

Residence Times

Average time an element is in a resevoir before it goes out to the next one.

Flux/Rate Of Transfer

How much of an element leaves or enters a resevoir in time.

Limiting Factor

Amount of an element that restricts growth.

Evaporation

When liquid water turns into a gas.

Condensation

When gaseous water condenses into a liquid.

Precipitation

When water comes out of the atmosphere to earth in the form of rain, snow, sleet, ect.

Respiration

Breathing out water vapor.

Run-off

Water runs along the ground and into a body of water.

Percolation

Water drips through the ground, cleaning it.

Consumption

Drinking water.

Trnspiration

Plants releasing water through their leaves.

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

C6H12O6

Glucose

CH4

Methane (Natural Gas)

CO3-2 and HCO3-1

Carbonate, Bicarbonate

Photosynthesis

Plants take in sunlight and CO2 to make glucose and O2

Cellular Respiration

Opposite of photosynthesis - Makes CO2

Assimilation/Biosynthesis

Carbohydrates - When you eat something then use it.

Lithification

Formation of rocks.

Decomposition

Bacteria breaks up organic matter and releases carbon into the air.

Coalification

Decomposing organic matter turning into coal, oil or methane.

Combustion

Burning organic material and realeasing H2O and CO2.

Volcanic Eruptions

Molten rocks and gas goes into the air.

Uplifting/Weathering/Erosion

Water erodes rocks and limestone and carries carbon away.

Digestion/Flatulence

Makes CH4.

PO4-3

Phosphate.

N2

Nitrogen Gas.

NO3-1

Nitrate.

NO2-1

Nitrite.

NH3

Amonia.

NH4

Ammonium.

N2O

Nitrous Oxide.

Nitrogen Fixation

Atmospheric N2 is converted to NO3-1 and NH3.

De-Nitrification

Makes N2 again.

Leaching

Water removes dissolved materials in soil by moving downwards.

Ammonification

Decomposing releases NO3-1 into the soil.

Nitrification

NH3 goes to NO3 and NO2

Igneaous Rock

Formed by volcanoes.

Sedimentary Rock

FOrmed by erosion and lithification.

Metamorphic Rock

Formed by intense heat and pressure.

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