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Surgical repair of the cornea

Keratoplasty

Pulling the viscera outside the body through an incision

Evisceration

Removal of an eye

Enucleation

Removal of an organ all in one piece

Exenteration

White outer portion of the eyeball

Sclera

Lining of the eyelids and covering of the sclera

Conjunctiva

Vascular tissue of the choroids, ciliary body, and iris

Uveal

Suturing together of the eyelids

Tarsorrhaphy

Orbit, extraocular muscles, and eyelid

Ocular adnexa

Parts of the eye in the front of and including the lens, orbit, extraocular muscles, and eyelid

Anterior segment

Parts of the eye located behind the lens

Posterior segment

Prefix meaning pupil

Cor

Prefix meaning ciliary body or eye muscle

Cyclo

Prefix meaning cornea

Kerat

Prefix meaning eye

Ocul

Prefix meaning pertaining to the lacrimal sac

Dacryocyst

Prefix meaning pertaining to the vitreous body of the eye

Vitre

Condition in which the refractive surfaces of the eyes are unequal

Astigmatism

Extraocular muscle deviation resulting in unequal visual axes

Strabismus

Congenital absence of the external auditory canal

Aural atresia

Called a simple mastoidectomy, it creates an opening in the mastoid for drainage

Transmastoid antrostomy

Inner connecting cavities, such as the internal ear

Labyrinth

Excision of the tympanic nerve

Tympanic neurectomy

Creation of a new opening (e.g., on the inner wall of the middle ear)

Fenestration

Auricle, pinna, external acoustic, and meatus

Parts of the external ear

Malleus, incus, and stapes

Parts of the middle ear

Vestibule, semicircular canals, and cochlea

Parts of the inner ear

Prefix meaning posterior temporal bone

Mastoid

Prefix meaning eardrum

Myring

Prefix meaning hearing

Audi

A bony growth

Exostosis

Prefix meaning ear

Oto

Prefix meaning (eustachian) tube

Salping

Excision of a portion of the temporal bone

Apicectomy

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