CH1 Japan in World Perspective

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Here is chapter 1 terms for the mid-term

Individualism

is a social pattern that consists of loosely linked individuals

Collectivisim

is a social pattern consisting of closely linked individuals

High-context Communication

is communication in which most of the information is either in the physical context or internalized into the person.

Renai

Love, marriage

Omnai

females seeking arranged marriages

Meishi

business card

Enryo

modesty and self-restraint

Sasshi

sensitivity and guesswork

Samurai metephor

Lord and Vassal relationship; total devotion to lord who may dispense gifts.

Iemoto metephor

(the start of lineage) Hiearchial order based on devotion to its founder.

Shyness of the Japanese

desirable behavior in Japan, not physical unlike chinese

Clannishness of the Japanese

silent until part of "in-group"

Pragmatism of Japanese

less verbal, more active;

Honke

Cheif of household

Bunke

Subbordinate branches

5 minorities in Japan

The Ainu, Koreans, Burakumin, Okinawans, and Chinese.

Burakumin

Village Dwellers (ranking: Samurai,Farmers,Carpenters,Business People)

Gaijin

foreigner

Ethnocentrism

European frames of reference to non-european behavior.

Eurocentricity

European frames of references to European behavior

interpersonal double standard

own behavior situational;

Intercultural double standard

favors own in group over the other groups

international double standard

favors own nature over the others

Reductionism

reducing complexity to 1 or 2 obvious characterisitcs (generalizing)

contextualism

behavior must be assessed in the context of the culture in which the behavior occurs

Enculturation

The process by which individuals adapt to their culture and assimilate its values.

Schema

a mental framework for organizing information into meaningful wholes.

Mysterious Orient(al) schema

a set of beliefs or group schema's that forms as a basis for Western Culture bearers perception about persons of Asian oragin.

Fundamental attribution error

underestimate siuational factors when observing others

Trait and situation

assigning cause due to a trait (internal brain) vs. situational (external)

Disease and condition

harmful societal condition;

Stereotype and reasonable generalizaions

inherintly inacurate/ true exaggerated image of group characteristics.

Target group

subject of the stereotype (social, racial, or ethnic group)

mindsets

fixed ways of viewing the world based on experience

Tatemae

public behaviors

honne

priavate behaviors

nihonjinron

theories of japaneseness

Shimaguni sentiment

view that japan is both small and an island country

Report talk

males are more informationally oriented

Rapport talk

females are socially oriented

5 Kinship terms

Ojiisan(grandmother), Ojisan(male/father), Obasan(woman/mother), oneesan(oldersister), Imoto (younger sister)

Kono aido arigato

Expression of appreciation

Uchi

is the inside or the in-group

Soto

is the outside or the out-group

5 japanese names suffices for address

Sensei, Kun, San, Chan, Sama

Aizuchi

(Back-channeling) verbal, vocal, nonverbal repsonses by the listener to show his or her attention and to encourage the speaker to continue.

Tsukiai

Social drinking

Nominication

Communication through drinking

Keigo

speach level (depending on social status) "respect language"

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