is a social pattern that consists of loosely linked individuals
is a social pattern consisting of closely linked individuals
is communication in which most of the information is either in the physical context or internalized into the person.
females seeking arranged marriages
modesty and self-restraint
sensitivity and guesswork
Lord and Vassal relationship; total devotion to lord who may dispense gifts.
(the start of lineage) Hiearchial order based on devotion to its founder.
Shyness of the Japanese
desirable behavior in Japan, not physical unlike chinese
Clannishness of the Japanese
silent until part of "in-group"
Pragmatism of Japanese
less verbal, more active;
Cheif of household
5 minorities in Japan
The Ainu, Koreans, Burakumin, Okinawans, and Chinese.
Village Dwellers (ranking: Samurai,Farmers,Carpenters,Business People)
European frames of reference to non-european behavior.
European frames of references to European behavior
interpersonal double standard
own behavior situational;
Intercultural double standard
favors own in group over the other groups
international double standard
favors own nature over the others
reducing complexity to 1 or 2 obvious characterisitcs (generalizing)
behavior must be assessed in the context of the culture in which the behavior occurs
The process by which individuals adapt to their culture and assimilate its values.
a mental framework for organizing information into meaningful wholes.
Mysterious Orient(al) schema
a set of beliefs or group schema's that forms as a basis for Western Culture bearers perception about persons of Asian oragin.
Fundamental attribution error
underestimate siuational factors when observing others
Trait and situation
assigning cause due to a trait (internal brain) vs. situational (external)
Disease and condition
harmful societal condition;
Stereotype and reasonable generalizaions
inherintly inacurate/ true exaggerated image of group characteristics.
subject of the stereotype (social, racial, or ethnic group)
fixed ways of viewing the world based on experience
theories of japaneseness
view that japan is both small and an island country
males are more informationally oriented
females are socially oriented
5 Kinship terms
Ojiisan(grandmother), Ojisan(male/father), Obasan(woman/mother), oneesan(oldersister), Imoto (younger sister)
Kono aido arigato
Expression of appreciation
is the inside or the in-group
is the outside or the out-group
5 japanese names suffices for address
Sensei, Kun, San, Chan, Sama
(Back-channeling) verbal, vocal, nonverbal repsonses by the listener to show his or her attention and to encourage the speaker to continue.
Communication through drinking
speach level (depending on social status) "respect language"