CSCC Multi 101 MED TERM Appendix 1.11 Urinary Tract

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39 terms

cyst/o

urinary bladder

vesic/o

urinary bladder

ren/o

kidney

nephr/o

kidney

pyel/o

renal pelvis

ureter/o

ureter

urethr/o

urethra

Albuminuria

Abnormal condition of protein (albumin) in the urine

Albumin

protein

Anuria

abnormal condition of no urine

Dysuria

Painful Urination

Glycosuria

Abnormal condition of glucose int he urine

Hematuria

Abnormal condition of blood in the urine

Nephrolithiasis

Stones in the kidney

Renal Failure

Kidneys stop functioning and do not produce urine

Uremia

High levels of urea in the blood

Urea

nitrogenous waste material

Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)

BUN: measures level of urea in blood

Cystoscopy

Visual examination of the urinary bladder with an endoscope

Kidneys, Ureters, baldder (KUB)

KUB: X-ray of kidneys and urinary tract without contrast material

Retrograde pyelogram

RP: Contrast material is injected via a catheter into the the urethra and bladder, X-rays are taken of the urethra, bladder and ureters

Voiding cystourethrogram

VCUG: Bladder is filled with a contrast material and X-rays are taken while expelling urine. Also called cystography

Urography

X-rays of the urinary tract using contrast material, pyelography

Dialysis

Complete seperation of waste from the blood when the kidneys fail

hemodialysis

use of a kidney machine to filter blood to remove waste material

Peritoneal dialysis

process of removing waste from the blood by introducing a special fluid into the abdomen. waste passes into the fluid and the fluid is then drained from the body

Lithotripsy

Shock waves are beamed into a patient to crush urinary tract stones

Extracorporeal schock wave lithotripsy

ESWL: lithotripsy

Renal transpantation

donor kidney is transferred to a recipient

Urinary catheterization

Catheter is passed through the urethra and into the bladder for short term or long term drainage of urine

ARF

Acute Renal Failure

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen test

CAPD

Continuous Ambulatory peritoneal Dialysis

CRF

Chronic renal failure, progressive loss of kidney function

HD

Hemodialysis

KUB

Kidneys, ureters, bladder (X-ray without contrast)

RP

Retrograde pyelogram

UA

Urinalysis

UTI

Urinary Tract Infection

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