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American Pageant Chapter 5: Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution 1700-1775

Michel-Guillaume de Crevecoeur

A french settler who saw a "strange mixture of blood, which you will find in no other country" in America.

Jonathon Edwards

He ignited the Great Awakening. He proclaimed the folly of believe in salvation through good works and affirmed the need for complete dependence on Gods grace.

George Whitefield

One of the preachers of the great awakening (key figure of "New Light"); known for his talented voice inflection and ability to bring many a person to their knees.

John Trumbull

An American painter you had to go to England to complete his training. He painted scenes of the Revolutionary War

Charles Wilson Peale

Best known for his portraits of George Washington.

Benjamin West

Painter who went to England to acquire the necessary training and financial support to establish himself as a prominent artist along with John Copley

John Singleton Copley

American painter who did portraits of Paul Revere and John Hancock before fleeing to England to avoid the American Revolution (1738-1815)

Phillis Wheatley

American poet (born in Africa) who was the first recognized Black writer in America (1753-1784)

Benjamin Franklin

"The first civilized American." Best known for to his contemporaries for "Poor Richards Almanack". He invented bifocal spectacles, the highly efficient Franklin Stove, and
proved that lightning was a form of electricity.

John Peter Zenger

A New York editor whose trial for seditious libel backfired on the government; the jury found that truth was a defense for libel.

Andrew Hamilton

Defense attorney in the Zenger case who made the first step toward freedom of the press

Jacob Arminius

A dutch theologian who preached that individual free will, not divine decree, determined a person's eternal fate.

Paxton Boys

A mob of Pennsylvania frontiersmen led by the Paxtons who massacred a group of non-hostile Indians.

Great Awakening

Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.

Anglicans

People that practice the faith, doctrine, system, and practice of the Anglican Church.

Rack-renting

merciless rent increases

Regular movement

(1768-1794) Violent uprising of settlers in North Carolina against unfair taxation and the seaboard elite control of colonial affairs.

Old and New Lights

Old lights were orthodox members of the clergy who believed that the new ways of revivals and emotional preaching were unnecessary. New lights were more modern-thinking members of the clergy who strongly believed in the Great Awakening.

Triangular trade

Ships from New England sailed first to Africa, exchanging rum for slaves. The slaves were shipped from Africa to the Caribbean and traded for sugar and molasses. Then the ships were returned to New England, where molasses was used to make rum.

Molasses Act

British legislation which taxed all molasses, rum, and sugar which the colonies imported from countries other an Britain and her colonies.

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