Chapter 8

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Which group is most likely to vote for Republican candidates?

Whites

Voter turnout in the US is

significantly less than most other Western democracies

Which is not an obstacle to voting in the US?

vote by mail

Which group is the least likely to vote?

young adults

American women got the right to vote in

1920

Americans are taught to equate citizenship with

voting

African American voting rates increased substantially

after the 1965 voting rights act was passed

The debate over ___ provokes questions about whether we need more direct participation to promote political equality and a vibrant democracy.

Checkbook democracy

What tendency of Americans did the nineteenth-century writer Alexis de Tocqueville identify as distinctive of our democratic culture?

The tendency to form associations

The phenomenon called the 'gender gap' refers to the fact that

women are more likely to vote for Democrats than men are

Citizens who engage in letter writing, signing petitions, and other forms of political activity, usually focus their efforts on

the local level and the state level

____ is the strategy by which organized interests seek to influence the passage of legislation by exerting direct pressure on members of the legislature

lobbying

After Hurricane Katrina, President Bush's approval rating among blacks

was only at 2 percent

Registration requirements were instituted in the early twentieth century

to make voting more difficult, to reduce multiple voting and other corruption, as well as to reduce lower-class voting

in general, voter turnout over the last 50 years has

declined

which of the following is most likely to vote?

a 70 year old middle class retired person

what was the effect of the motor voter registration act in the first Presidential election after it passed?

voter registration rose, but voter turnout did not

approximately what percentage of senators and representatives in the us congress are women?

16%

__ is an organization that connects people to politics, such as a political party, or to a governmental organization, such as the Congress

the political institution

As americans are becoming more education, we are seeing

an overall tendency for political participation to decline

checkbook democracy arises when

there is a decline in polit. participation, fund raising becomes the most important task for political organizations, participation levels take on an unequal economic bias

for many years, analysts have referred to the __ vote as the "sleeping giant," because this is such a large group with relatively low levels of participation

latino

when income and education are taken into account, Latinos and African American vote at

the same rate or slightly higher than white ethnics

in the united states, voter participation by the unemployed is

very low

in terms of mobilizing their constituents, political parties

are beginning to reemphasize direct voter mobilization

participation that involves assembling crowds to confront a gov't or other official organization is considered

protests

the constitution was amended to allow women the right to vote in all public elections in

1920

over the years, the power of labor leaders and machine politicians has

declined

which country has higher voter turnout than the us

mexico, germany, italy

voting qualifications are determined by the

states, subject to certain federal rules and limits

voter turnout is highest for which level of government?

national elections

which of the following does not reduce voter turnout in the US today?

poll taxes

registering to vote in the US is

harder than in Europe

the most recent expansion of the suffrage in the US took place in 1971, when the

voting age was reduced from twenty-one to eighteen

why do some argue that the secession of the rich from public institutions is weakening democracy?

because by not participating in public institutions, the rich don't have a stake in what happens to them

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