The 5 Pillars of Islam

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Outline the 5 Pillars of Islam

5 Pillars of Islam

The 5 pillars of Islam are the five duties that Muslims must carry out in their daily lives. By following the 5 pillars of Islam, Muslims put their faith into practice. A person who undertakes the 5 pillars of Islam will go to Jannah (paradise/heaven).

Iman or Faith

"There is no true God except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah" This is a declaration of faith that Allah is the one and only true God and Muhammad is the true and greatest prophet of Allah and recognition of Muhammad as the Prophet of God is required. Faith is the belief that the only purpose of life is to serve and obey God, and this is achieved through the teachings and practices of the Prophet Muhammad.

Salah or Prayer

A prayer is a direct link between the worshipper and God. A Muslim must pray five times a day at dawn, mid-day, late-afternoon-, sunset and nightfall. The 5 recommended prayers contain verses from the Qur'an (religious book) and are said in Arabic (the language of revelation). Before praying, Muslims must perform Wudu which is cleaning of the hands, face, arms, head and feet.

Zakah or Charity

Muslims are required to give a percentage of their salary to help the poor and needy. Zakat means "purification" and "growth". Our possessions are purified by setting aside a portion for those in need. A Muslim may also perform Sadaqah (voluntary charity).

Sawm or Fasting

Every year on the month of Ramadan, a person must give up food and water from sunrise to sunset yet still continue on with their daily activities i.e. go to school, work etc. Muslims must also control their anger, envy, greed, gossip, violence, bad language, and other inappropriate thoughts and actions. During Ramadan, Muslims are to seek for Allah's guidance and sympathize and understand the life of the less fortunate.

Hajj or Pilgrimage

Hajj is a pilgrimage to the Holy City of Makkah (Mecca) and occurs during the first half of the last month of the lunar year. Every Muslim who are healthy and can financially afford it must make the trip to Mecca at least once in their lifetime.

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