AP PSYCH Chapter 10: Language

12 terms by nwhsthompson 

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Language

our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning

Phoneme

In a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit

Morpheme

In a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or part of a word

Grammar

In a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others

Semantics

set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning

Syntax

rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language

Babbling

stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language

One-word

stage in speech development, from 1-2, during which a child speaks mostly single words

Two-word

stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements

Telepathic

Early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram with noun-verb phrases and no auxiliaries

Adult-like speech

Speech rapidly develops into complete sentences

Linguistic determination

Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think

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