Chapter 1 - Living with Art

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Aesthetics

branch of philosophy that deals with the nature, beauty and meaning of art, and our response to it

Megalith

a large, massive stone

Genre

art that depicts casual moments of everyday life and its surroundings

Vanitas

(vanity) fleeting nature of earthly life

What do artists do / need for art

To create places for human purpose
To create extra-ordinary versions of ordinary objects
To record and commemorate
To give tangible form to the unknown
To give tangible form to feelings and ideas
To refresh our vision and see the world in a new way

Creative people tend to possess certain traits

Sensitivity: heightened awareness
Flexibility: adapt to new possibilities
Originality: problem solve creatively
Playfulness: humor & experimentation
Productivity: ability to generate ideas
Fluency: free flow of ideas
Analytical skill: exploring problems and finding how things work
Organizational skill: putting things together in a coherent order

The oldest cave paintings known today were made around

30,000 B.C.E.

Paleolithic simply means

Old Stone Age

Which artistic role was fulfilled in Jahangir Receives a Cup from Khusrau

to record and commemorate

The works in this chapter by Valdés and Flack are examples of ________ paintings

vanitas

How did Vincent van Gogh die

He committed suicide

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was designed by

young college student

Jim Hodges' Every Touch is composed of

petals of artificial flowers

According to recent research, Stonehenge

marks a graveyard and possibly a religious complex

The lives of Dorothy and Herbert Vogel demonstrate that

ordinary people can collect art

No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse to make and respond to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the ability to

learn language

The famous Neolithic structure in England, made of megaliths that one time formed several concentric circles, is called

Stonehenge

Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to

the Paleolithic Period

"All art is basically Paleolithic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on stone" was said by

Anthony Caro

The most famous of Maya Lin's works is

Vietnam Veterans Memorial

The 10th-century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work of an artist performing the role of "giving tangible form to the unknown." The unknown, in this case, is the physical form of the deity

Shiva

Which is not a task for artists, according to the author

To help see the world in the same way we see it

Although Vincent van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible form in works such as:

The Starry Night

In this chapter, the list of traits that creative people seem to posses includes all of the following EXCEPT

efficiency

The nature of perception suggests that the most important key to looking at art is

to become aware of the process of looking itself

According to the author, the most important meaning of an artwork is

what it means to the viewer

Wheel of Fortune was created by

Audrey Flack

Dorothy and Herbert Vogel are

art collectors

We owe our access to Vincent van Gogh's thoughts and feelings about many of his paintings to

the many letters he wrote to friends and relatives

The aesthetic impulse leads people to pay attention to objects of

beauty

Arcimboldo's creativity was revealed in his paintings involving

metamorphosis

The mural Dream Street was painted by

homeless children

The earliest humans probably painted the cave walls

for hunting magic

Keith Haring started his career painting

graffiti

Derain's The Turning Road would be a typical landscape except for its

Color

Appreciation involves a combination of understanding and

enjoyment

Study and _____________ contribute to an appreciation of art

exposure

Gertrude Stein was a famous

Collector

Van Gogh and Toulouse-Lautrec were both artists who were

social outcasts

Which artist below fits the definition of a naïve artist

James Hampton

For Chuck Close, part of the purpose of making his painting of a man's head so large (six feet high) was to

slow down the viewer's vision

The ambiguous image after Edgar Rubin, often referred to as Rubin's vase, illustrated in this chapter is used to study

human perception

In two-dimensional art, the terms used to refer to the object depicted and its backdrop are, respectively

figure/ground

__________ is a mural painted on an East Harlem post office wall by more than 75 children, most of whom were homeless

Calle de Sueños

At first glance, Joel Shapiro's Untitled, 1998 appears to be simply an arrangement of wood blocks, but upon closer inspection this arrangement resembles

a human figure

Whereas the Venus de Milo was carved out of white marble, Henri Matisse carved his Venus out of

white paper

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