← Psychology Chptr 7 Test
6 Written Questions
6 Multiple Choice Questions
- advances in mental represintation: 1-- language development (he didn't believe it played a major role in cognitive development), 2-- Development of make believe play (he believed that through pretending, young children practice and strength newly acquired representational schemes)
- preschoolers adapt their speech to fit the needs of their listeners
- Adjusting the quality of support during a teaching session to fit the childs current level of performance. Direct instruction is offered when a task is new; less help is provided as competence increases
- preschoolers with very stressful home lives suffer more respiratory and intestinal illnesses and more unintentional injuries than others
- Self helping skills: young children gradually become self sufficient at dressing and feeding
- sustained attention continues to improve throughout early childhood. However, preschoolers still spend relatively short times involved in tasks and are easily distracted
6 True/False Questions
Brain Development → As information of synapes, myelination, cell death, and synaptic pruning occur, preschoolers improve in a wide variety of skills -- physical coordination, preception, attention, memory, language, logical thinking, and imagination.
Growth Hormone (GH) → A pituitary hormone that from birth on is necessary for the development of all body tissues except the central nervous system and genitals
Limitations of preoperational thought → 1. Egocentrims - inability to distinguish between one's own perceptions and someone else. 2. Inability to conserve: the understanding that certain physical characteristics of objects remain the same, even when their outward apperances change.
Animistic thinking (animism) → A pituitary hormone that from birth on is necessary for the development of all body tissues except the central nervous system and genitals
Memory → Preschoolers recognition memory is remarkably good. However, their recall is much poorer than their recognition
Private Speech → talking aloud to oneself with no intent to communicate.