Honors World History Ch. 11 + 12 - Imperialism

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This is a quiz set for Mrs. Gruver's test on Chapters 11 and 12 on imperialism.

Suez Canal

The lifeline of the British Empire, this man-made waterway allowed trade to travel via water, across the Mediterranean, through this waterway and to the Indian Ocean.

Battle of Plassery

In this battle, the British pushed the Dutch out of India in the year 1757. This leads to India becoming a sphere of influence and the Jewel of the Crown.

Nehru

This man was the head of Indian National Congress during the time of Gandhi, and was Gandhi's friend. This man is Hindu.

Indian National Congress

The Hindu political party in India.

Muslim League

The Muslim political party in India.

Paternalism

The attitude (of a person or a government) that subordinates should be controlled in a fatherly way for their own good.

Sepoy

An Indian soldier serving under British command, especially those who worked for the British East India Trading Company.

Crimean War

A war between Russia and a group of nations including England and France and the Ottomans over Persia. Russia was the loser.

Battlefield correspondance

A first during the Crimean War, this reporting technique involved being up-close-and-personal.

Field medics

These people, who first worked during the Crimean War, led to the creation of the Red Cross.

Muhammed Ali

This Ottoman-commander-turned-Egyptian leader kept his country thriving and somewhat independent while all his neighbors were being dominated by Europeans through modernization.

Ram Mohun Roy

He was the "Father of Modern India." This man encouraged modern thinking and tried to move India towards independance and away from traditional ideas.

Monroe Doctrine

An American foreign policy opposing interference in the Western hemisphere from outside powers, especially Europeans. This was by a president whose last name rhymes with "afro".

Roosevelt Corollary

Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force.

Open Door Policy

A policy proposed by the United States in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.

Shogun

A general who ruled Japan in the emperor's name.

Colony

A settlement or land ruled by another country through imperialism.

Protectorate

A state or territory partly controlled by (but not a possession of) a stronger state but autonomous in internal affairs.

Economic Imperialism

Independent but less developed nation that is controlled by private business interests rather than by other governments. An example is Hawaii's banana controllers, the Doles.

Sphere of Influence

Area in which a foreign nation had special trading privileges and made laws for its own citizens.

Boers

Dutch settlers in south Africa.

Boer War

Lasting from 1899 to 1902, Dutch colonists and the British competed for control of territory in South Africa. It was the Netherlands versus the entire British army. Guess who won?

Sanford Dole

Head of Hawaii's government after Queen Liliuokalani was overthrown. Needless to say, he was bananas.

Ismai'l

The grandson of Muhammad Ali, this man tries to modernize and gets Egypt out of debt.

Maji Maji

These idiots decided that magic water could save them from maxim guns. Big mistake.

Ottoman Empire

Centered in Constantinople, this the Islamic, Turkish imperial state that conquered large amounts of land in the Middle East, North Africa and the Balkans, and fell after World War I. This empire was controlled by sultans.

Sultan

The ruler of a Muslim country (especially of the former Ottoman Empire).

Persia

A historic region of Southwest Asia located mostly in what is now Iran. It had (and still does have) oil, and therefore is well coveted.

Siam

A former country of southeastern Asia that extends southward along the Isthmus of Kra to the Malay peninsula. Now called Thailand, this nation was always independant.

Dr. Livingston

This man was the first explorer to truly investigate Africa. He got lost, but was found years later in an African tribe by an American reporter named Stanley. "------------, I presume?"

Russo-Japanese War

This was was between Japan and Russia. After several disagreements about land, Japan invaded Manchuria. Japan wins and gets more of Korea and all of Manchuria.

Boxer Rebellion

A turn-of-the century uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country. A product of nationalism, the empress Ci Xi supports the movement but (rather stupidly) doesn't provide military support. As a result, the rebels get crushed by a joint European army.

Opium War

War between Britain and the Qing Empire that was, in the British view, occasioned by the Qing government's refusal to permit the importation of opium into its territories. The victorious British imposed the one-sided Treaty of Nanking on China. (p. 684)

Sun Yat Sen

The (only) president of China, he was a memeber of the United League (Nationalist Party). He helped modernize China.

Long March

The 6,000-mile (9,600-kilometer) flight of Chinese Communists from southeastern to northwestern China. The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, were pursued by the Chinese army under orders from Chang Kai Shek. At the beginning of the journey there were 700,000 communists; at the end, 100,000 remained.

Chinese Civil War

This war pitted the Communists against the Nationalists.

Great Trek

A migration of Dutch colonists out of British-controlled territory in South Africa during the 1830s.

Sepoy Mutiny

An 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India spurred by rumors about beef grease being put on bullet caps.

Imperialism

A policy of extending one's rule over foreign countries through various means.

Berlin Conference

Conference that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.

Raj

The British dominion over India (1757-1947).

Assimilation

The social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another.

Mao Zedong

A symbol of modern Chinese communism, this student represented the lower classes through Marxist ideas.

Chang Kai Shek

Chairman of the National Military Council of the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1928 to 1948, during which he put down a revolution. Also known as Jiang Jieshi.

May 4th Movement

Protests sparked by China's unfair treatment at the Paris Peace Conference; it is significant in that it mobilized and radicalized students, and that it occured in the now famous Tienament Square.

Sino-Japanese War

In this war between Japan and China, the prize was Korea. The attacking Japan won, claiming part of Korea and all of Taiwan.

Monghut

King of Siam, he and his son encouraged modernization and fought against imperialism. Remember him by his girlfriend Anna.

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