Ap Psych-ch 1

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17 terms

structuralism

an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind

functualism

a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish

expiremental psychology

the study of behavior and thinking using the expirementing method

behaviorism

the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes

humanistic psychology

historically significent persepctive that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and individuals potential for personal growth

cognitive neuroscience

the interdiscipliary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (perception, thinkning, memory, language)

psychology

the science of behavior and mental processes

nature-nurture issue

the controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors.

natural selection

the principle that among the rang of inherited trait variations those contributiong to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generation

levels of analysis

differeing complementary views from biological to psychological to social-cultural for analyzing any given phenomenon

biopsychosocial approach

integrated approach that incorporatese biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis

biological psychology

a branch of psych that studies the link btwn biological and psych process (neuroscience and behavior)

evolutionary psych

the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection

psychodynamic psych

branch of physch that studies how unconcious drives and conflict influence behavior and uses the information to treat the peopl

behavioral psych

study of observable behavior and its explanations

cognitive phsych

scientific study of mental activities associated with thikning, knowing, remebering, and communicating

social cultural phsyc

study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking

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