Glencoe Science Biology Chapter 1 Vocabulary

31 terms by Retreca 

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Biology

The study of life

Organism

anything that has or once had all the characteristics of life

Organization

arranged in an orderly way

Growth

process that results in mass being added to an organism; may include formation of new cells and new structures.

Development

the process of change that occurs during an organism's life to produce a more complex organism

Reproduction

the production of offspring

Species

a group of similar organisms that can mate with each other and produce fertile offspring

Stimulus

any change or signal in the environment that can make an organism react

Response

a reaction to a stimulus

Homeostasis

regulation of an organism's internal conditions to maintain life

Adaptation

any inherited characteristic that results from changes to a species over time

Science

a body of knowledge based on the study of nature

Theory

an explanation of natural phenomenon supported by many observations and experiments over time

Peer Review

a process by which the procedures used during an experiment and the results are evaluated by other scientists

Metric System

uses units with divisions that are powers of ten

SI

International system of units that help scientists

Forensics

the field of study that applies science to matters of legal interest

Ethics

moral principles or values

Observation

the process of gathering information about events or processes in a careful, orderly way

Inferences

Statements made by the speaker that are based on facts or observations

Scientific Method

a series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions

Hypothesis

a testable explanation of a situation

Serendipity

the occurrence of accidental or unexpected but fortunate results

Experiment

investigating a phenomenon in a controlled setting to test a hypothesis

Control Group

an experiment that uses a group for comparison

Experimental Group

the group exposed to the factor being tested

Independent Variable

the one factor that can be changed in a controlled experiment; is the factor tested and affects the experiment outcome

Dependent Variable

factor being measured in a controlled experiment;value may change because of change to the independent variable

Constant

a factor the remains fixed during an experiment while the independent and dependent variables change

Data

information gathered from observations

Safety Symbol

a logo designed to alert you about a specific danger

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