Chapter 2 - What is Art

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Claude Monet belonged to a group of artists called

the Impressionists

Since the Renaissance, Western societies differentiated between art and craft, as art

reveals imagination and genius

Picasso's painting First Communion would best be described as

naturalistic

The term "trompe l'oeil" is French for

fool the eye

Kandinsky thought of nonrepresentational art as comparable to

music

Style, as defined by recurring characteristics found in art, can be classified in terms of

All these answers are correct

The definitions of form and content include that

form is the way that art looks; content is what the work is about

In Janine Antoni's Gnaw, two 600-pound cubes of which materials were gnawed on by the artist

chocolate and lard

The shamanistic rites of the Navajo culture have provided inspiration to the artist

Joseph Beuys

Conceptual art as seen in the work of Felix Gonzales-Torres stresses that

the idea is more important than the object

Van Gogh's paintings are of high value because

All of the above

According to the author, Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa dazzled his contemporaries because

The portrait was almost miraculously lifelike

During the ___________ art was used roughly in the same sense as craft

Middle Ages

The field of philosophy called aesthetics asks the question

All of the above

Fisherman's Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville, was painted by

Claude Monet

What term best describes work done by nonprofessionals

All of the above

Rebecca Purdham's Chin Up and Paul Klee's Monument in Fertile Country have what in common

Both are nonrepresentational in style

To discover why the sculptor of the Amida Nyorai depicted its subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures, and a bun atop its head requires the use of

iconography

The term style is used to categorize a work of art by its

visual characteristics

Our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about

the artist and audience

During the 18th century, beauty and art were discussed together because both

were felt to provide pleasure

______is the name for a standard subject in Christian art, that of Mary, the mother of Jesus, holding her son after he was taken down from the cross

Pieta

If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience, its style is

naturalistic

When discussing the size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its

form

__________ involves identifying, describing, and interpreting subject matter in art

Iconography

The word for extreme optical fidelity is

Trompe l'oeil

During the Renaissance in Western Europe __________ came to be regarded as the more elevated of the arts

painting, sculpture, and architecture

After much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that

Experts still debate the work's iconography

Context is a factor of ties that bind a work of art to the:

all of the above

_________ is a space that is presented as a work of art that can be entered, explored, experienced, and reflected upon

Installation

A work of art is __________ when it is proven through research to have been created by an artist other than its assumed author

deattributed

Roni Horn's Thicket No. 2 uses the written word to allude to

a poem by William Blake

According to the author, __________ is the most important art form in Islamic culture

calligraphy

Who has made art that is composed of stacks of posters and large quantities of wrapped candies

Felix Gonzales-Torres

It is said that __________ thought of himself as just a "machine" that produced a product called art in a place called a factory

Andy Warhol

To discover why the sculptor of the Amida Nyorai depicted its subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures, and a bun atop its head requires the use of

iconography

The term style is used to categorize a work of art by its

visual characteristics

How do the works Pietà by Bellini and Loading the Wing Guns by Smith compare

none of the above

The sculpture The Age of Bronze was made by

Auguste Rodin

If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience, its style is

naturalistic

The painting The Polish Rider, thought to be painted by Rembrandt, lost 92% of its value when it was

deattributed

A work of art made of two parts placed side by side, like the pages of an open book, is called

a diptych

Who made this quote famous?: "If you're not making money with your art, you have to say it's art. If you are, you have to say it's something else

Roni Horn

For most people the worth of a work of art depends on

who made it

Plato believed artists should ____________ nature

imitate

Naïve art is made by artists lacking

formal training


formal training

A synonym for form in art is

composition

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