What is the doctrine of signatures and example?
a belief that if a plant looked like a part of the body then it could cure that body parts ailments. ex- walnuts were said to cure headaches
What two cancer fighting drugs come from periwinkle?
venchristine and venblasten
What comes from an orchid?
name an unsaturated oil and its use
sunflower oil which is used in cooking , paints, and varnishes
name a polyunsaturated oil and its use
linseed oil used as a water repellent
vegetable oil is usually made from?
name the three types of gums
exudative, extractive, semisynthetic
what is quinine
the active ingredients in fever bark which prevents malaria
define energy density
the amount of energy you can get in a certain volume
psycoactive compound 3 depressants
opium, morphine, alcohol
3 categories of psycoactive compounds
stimulants, hallucenogenics, depressants
what is gum arabic?
example of pscyoactive compound 1-stimulant
another compound that comes from opium
nicotene is used as an
why is biofuel from corn not efficient?
it takes as much energy to produce it as you get out of it; its not sustainable; you'd use too much corn in order to fill our energy needs
___ is the unopened flower buds of an evergreen tree
example of halllucenogenic
LSD, marijuana, peyote
what is slow food?
personalized foods, local foods; tries to fit our mental definition of organic
___ is made from the stigmas of crocus flowers
what is a function statement?
information on supplements about possible effects of the supplements
what is hydrogenation?
adding hydrogen bond to previously double carbon bonds so that an unsaturated oil can become a saturated oil or partially saturated
name one invention that improved rubber and its importance?
vulcanization improved elacisity and is impervious to weather
what was one ingredient in the medicinal salve? and its purpose?
bee's wax - so it holds up
USDA organic versus Peoples idea of organic
usda - 5 % or less artificial ingredients; some pesticides public - public thinks 100% natural
what is st. johns wort?
a medicinal plant that heals wounds, burns, depression
___ comes from the bark of a tree
what is the placebo effect?
people receive a "pill" and the thought alone makes them feel better
what is the relationship between opium, morphine, and heroin?
all three come from opium poppies; opium is raw latex, morphine is another form of opium, heroin is semi-synthetic substitute
name one of the herb families and an example
mustard family ex.- horseradish
what cancer fighting drug comes from yew bark?
Non-Food Uses of Veg. Oil
Soaps, Paints, Adhesives
Adding hydrogen to bond to previously double bonded carbons so that an unsaturated oil is saturated or partially saturated (Margarine)
Moderately Saturated Oils
Peanut, Olive, Castor
Starches, Pectin, Gum
watermodifying substances including all products collected, extracted or synthesized to alter the behavior of water
Special group of plant polysaccharides which form a gel under certain circumstances
extracted from seeds and roots, corn, thickener
any mixture of organic compounds produced in laticifers
networks of cells throughout plant organs
Active Compounds in Plants