5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Mckinley's Assassination
- The New York World
- Information Journalism
- Joseph Pulitzer and News
- Joseph Pulitzer
- a He developed crusades( really cared about social issues- most famous was statue of liberty and talked about living conditions for immigrants), revitalized editorial page, Sunday editions, special women's pages( even poor women wanted to see how rich women live.), developed entertainment,
- b Mckinley was attacked by Hearst's paper and when he was inaugurated the paper tore him apart saying that he might as well be dead. He was actually shot to death and Hearst's paper was blamed for the conspiracy. His paper was banned and all others who talked badly about Mckinley. His assassination was the decline of yellow journalism.
- c He wanted to join the army but no one would take him because he had weak eyes. Finally was enlisted as a substitute for someone who did not want to go to war. He went into the army but hated it because he asked too many questions. He got out and went to St Louis to write for the a paper out there. He bought the St.Louis dispatch which was a worthless paper. He made that paper into a respected and fearless newspaper. Making it known that his paper was not politically one sided. Soon a rich man he bought the New York World paper which was a struggling paper at the time. He made it into a successful paper and became the most profitable newspaper ever published. He created a new concept of news( utalized illustrations, developed a technique of crusade, revitalized the editorial page, and rationalized the practice of selling advertising space). He came out with and Evening World and a Sunday edition as well.
- d Reports the facts and to report promptly and efficiently. This form is more creditable. Educated middle class became the audience for both information and story telling.
- e Pulitzer's paper. Developed a new type of sensationalism. This was the first paper that was starting to look like modern newspapers.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Pulitzer's Sunday paper. He did not create the sunday paper but revolutionized it. His sunday paper had 50 pages instead of 24. The paper included special features like women, sports, and entertainment. Advertising accounted for half the pages. Became a huge success and highest circulation sunday paper.
- Political corruption came. Politicians fell under special interest groups. Thomas Nast came out with political illustrations.
- the "yellow kid" was a symbol for this era. He was a huge comic that was famous in Pultizer's paper and then Hurst bought it. Brought about self advertisement ( Pulitzer printed his circulation figures right on the front page), new illustrations, larger and darker headlines that screamed excitement, For this reason many newspapers were changing their style to __. It increased circulation, two new groups (women and immigrants) were now attracted, It was seen as a democratizing force, encouraging literacy in English and embraced American values, and readers appreciated crusades and the reporting by correspondents.
- widely believed that Hearst started the war through his paper. Cuba at the time was under rule of Spain. Americans entered the war which was the beginning of us exerting ourselves into international affairs. (we were becoming more like an empire). This was a media war. Richard Harding Davis (was sent by Hearst) covered Roosevelt charging San Juan Hill and it was a huge success. Hearst wanted to say the war was for revenge on the sinking of the ship Maine.
- Wanted to write for Pulitzer's paper. She was dared to write an interesting story to win the job. She pretended she was mental and went to a mental institution to find out the conditions and how people were treated. She discovered harsh treatment and horrible conditions. Wrote a huge story about the conditions in the Women's Mental Institution. Huge crusade. She was a highly respected reporter and was hailed the best reporter in the US when she died. She went on another crusade to go on a trip around the world in 80 days. She went and would send information back. People loved it. Huge success.
5 True/False Questions
William Randolph Hurst (positives) → Made newspapers interesting. Took human interest stories to new heights, ( if the story wasnt interesting he would make it), figured out advertisements was a huge part of revenue. Developed ads in comics. Developed human interest stories. He Developed headline techniques and made them provocative so people would want to read them. Started a full page features in his Sunday paper. Hired JP's editors and writers by doubling their salary. He wrote stories about science in a language that people could understand. He developed comics that had to do with political issues. Crusaded against corruption. Became a voice for the common man (the lower economic class). Exposed trusts (awareness of economic system).
William Randolph Hurst → Came from a wealthy family. Thrown out of Harvard. Talked his dad into letting him run the San Francisco Examiner ( the father had acquired the paper in a settlement in a political debate. He liked sensationalism and took his paper to new levels with this. He could afford to higher anyone he wanted to so he surrounded himself with a brilliant staff. Doubled the circulation in first year. His ideas were not new and they were taken from Bennett and Pulitzer. He made improvements in sensationalism and human interest stories by buying the best reporters.
William Randolph Hurst (negatives) → He exaggerated stories so many times they were not true. Manipulating facts was not trustworthy.( he would do anything for a story to be interesting). Aroused the war spirit for the Spanish American war ( influenced people to get involved quicker).
The Gilded Age → 1865 end of the civil war. nation population doubles (high birth rate and immigrants increase). Unprecedented economic expansion. Labor unions organize nationally (start to see membership grow). Politics reflect industrial trends. Advances in education which advanced everywhere. Manifest destiny ( moving west for better and bigger things) explosion in the industrial world in the North. South begins to emerge.End of child labor (law made it a must for children to go to school). Political republicans grow and emerge (big business owners).
Motion Pictures in the Spanish-American War → first motion picture shot during combat in Cuba.