a struggle between opposing forces
a struggle between a character and an outside force
struggle within a character
a struggle that occurs when people with different cultural expectations or attitudes interact
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, or toward the audience (the readers).
The feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.
a contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens
an event occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the character, the reader, or the audience (a surprise twist)
when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't
a discrepancy between the true meaning of a situation and the literal meaning of the written or spoken words
an object that is used to represent something else
a scene that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events in a story to depict something that happened at an earlier time
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
Uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a story
The main idea of the story
theme is stated directly
when the theme is not directly stated in the story; the reader must infer
The theme is presented in more than one piece of literature.
an idea that is repeated across many cultures and throughout many time periods
Unique combination of ideas, values, and beliefs that influences a writer's outlook on a topic.
an inherited pattern of thought or action
practices that are handed down from the past by tradition
specific thoughts or ideas that people hold to be true