12 Body Systems, Their Parts, and Their Function.

11 terms by samanthasellers 

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Circulatory System

Consists of blood, heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins. Pumps blood to and from the heart to supply oxygen to the body.

Digestive System

Organs include oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small and large intestine, and rectum.

Functions: break down food and deliver the products to the blood for dispersal to the body cells

Endocrine System

collection of glands that secrete hormones into the blood which regulate growth, development, and homeostasis.

Organs: hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid, adrenal glands.

Lymphatic system

a secondary circulatory system that helps the body fight pathogens and maintain its fluid balance

parts: lymph nodes, tonsils, thymus, spleen

Muscular System

organ system that creates movement (muscles, tendons). Also regulates body temperature and protects the body.

Nervous System

the body's speedy, electrochemical communication system, consisting of all the nerve cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems

Parts: Brain, Nerves, Spinal Cord

Reproductive System

organ system which functions in creating offspring (penis and testes in males, ovaries, uterus, and vagina in females)

Respiratory System

Responsible for breathing.
Parts: Lungs, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs and diaphragm

Skeletal System

the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal

Urinary System

consisting of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra, removes wastes from the blood and helps to maintain water and electrolyte balance

Integumentary System

organ system that includes har, skin, and nails and protects the body from pathogens and maintains homeostasis

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