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superior

a part is above another part or closer to the head
(used when referring to head and trunk)

inferior

a part that is below another part of towars the feet
(used when referring to head and trunk)

anterior

toward the front

posterior

toward the back, opposite anterior

medial

imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves. A part is medial if it is closer to this line then the others

lateral

toward the side with respect to the imaginary line

bilateral

paired structures, one on each side( ex:eyes)

ipsilateral

structure on the same side ex: (right lung and right kidney)

contralateral

structures on the opposite side (ex:paitent with a facture right leg would have to bear weight on lower left limb)

proximal

a part closer to the trunk of the body or closer to to another specified point of reference than another part

distal

the opposite if proximal, particular body part is farther from trunk or any specificed point

superficial

near the surface (ex:epidermis)

deep

describes more internal parts (ex:dermis)

sagittal

a lengthwish cut that divides the body into right and left portions (not neccessarily in the center)

midsagittal

section passed along the mideline and divides the body into equals parts called median (midline)

parasagittal

sections lateral to the midline

transverse

a cut that divides the body into superior and inferior portions

frontal

a section that divides the body into anterior and superior portions

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