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Unit 3 Explorers Flashcards

Columbus

landed in the Caribbean in 1492; credited with beginning the Columbian Exchange

Leif Erikson

Viking who was the first European in the Americas

Vespucci

"America" was named after him

Cortes

conquered the Aztec Empire

Pizarro

conquered the Inca Empire

Balboa

first European to see the Pacific Ocean

Leon

discovered Florida

Coronado

explored the Southwestern United States

de Soto

explored the Southeastern United States

Magellan

crew was first to circumnavigate the earth

Champlain

gave the French influence in the region of Quebec

Marquette and Joliet

took the Mississippi River downstream

La Salle

claimed the Mississippi Valley for France

Cabot

helped convince Europe that the new land was not Asia

Hudson

a bay and a river are named after him

circumnavigate

to travel around

conquistadors

soldier-adventurers from Spain

mercantilism

the idea that colonies exist only to make the home country wealthy and powerful

Columbian Exchange

a transfer of people, products, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres

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