What is this any material of INTERLACING FABRIC called?
What is the term use to describe any material through the VARIOUS PROCESSES such as weaving, knitting, crocheting, or bonding?
This refers to a finished piece of fabric that can be used for VARYING PURPOSES such as bedcover, etc.
The basic element of textile. It is the fine, hair like strand that forms the basis of a yarn. These are found in nature or manufactured (synthetic) and are categorized by their length.
Short fibers. These are somewhat randomly arranged and loosely twisted, resulting in softer yarns. Measured in centimeters or inches. All natural fibers except silk
These are long and continuous fibers, usually measured in meters and yards, laid parallel to one another and tightly twisted to produce smooth, strong yarns. Synthetic fibers
A process in which synthetic fabrics are produced by extruding chemical solutions through a shower-head-like device
This formed by twisting by twisting fibers brought together to create a continuous strand
A type of yarn composing of staple fibers twisted together.
A type of yarn composed of continuous strands made from either a spinneret generated synthetic fiber or from silk. These are commonly referred to as bulked continuous filament (BCF) and are typical of nylon and polypropylene fibers.
This kind of fibers are from animal, plant, or mineral sources.
Man-made and thoroughly modern, most having been developed in the 20th century. These are THERMOPLASTIC meaning that they soften and melt when heated.
It is a processed version of the fiber made into cloth that resembles satin.
A term applied to the extra long staple cotton produced in Egypt and favored for the luxury and upmarket brands worldwide.
• Seed from Java Kapok Tree
• Brittle for fiber but soft enough for cushioning
• Lightweight & nonabsorvent
• Use for flotation devices
• 6mm to 60mm (1 ¼ in. to 2 ½ in.) staple fibers
• Stronger than wool when twist is tight
• Sunlight causes to disintegrate
• Subject to mold & mildew in humid or damp climate
• Burns at a slow rate
• Most versatile and durable fiber
• Low elasticity & resiliency
• Flammable and easily wrinkled
• The oldest fiber woven into fabrics
• Vegetable fiber
• Grayish in color with a silky luster
• 300 mm to 600mm (12in. to 24in.) ave. 18"
• Reflects heat better than cotton
• Holds color longer under strong light more than any other natural fiber
• Can be bleached without fear of damage
• Crisp and cool hand
• Used for table linens, draperies, slipcover, etc.
• Less soft & absorbent than cotton
• More resistant to mildew
• Does not lint
• Resists fraying and seam slippage
• Wrinkles &creases readily
• Fiber which resembles flax
• Made of stem and stalk of the jute plant (India)
• Long & dimensionally stable fiber
• Harsh, brittle, lints badly, & wrinkles easily
• Used for carpet & linoleum backing, upholstery
• UV protected, sound and heat insulation, low thermal conduction, anti-static properties
• Resistant to microorganisms and insects
A fabric that is often made from jute.
• From stems of Cannabis Setiva
• Used for ropes and sacks but is now being used by designers in clothing
• Also known as Abaca from Musa textilis plant
• 1 to 3 meters
• Fine fibers often 5m(15ft) long, are used for weaving cloth
• The outer, coarser fibers are used for matting & durable cordage
• Latter is used for ropes
• Very strong with great luster and very resistant to damage from salt water
• Inexpensive fiber from East Asian plant
• Substitute for flax
• Sometimes called China grass or grass linen
• Strong fiber
• Natural luster comparable to silk
• Resistant to bacteria and molds
• Absorbent & dries quickly
• Abrasion resistant
• 3x to 5x stronger than cotton 2x strong as flax
• Can resemble fine linen if the fiber is thin, or can be like canvas when the fiber is bulky and coarse
• Non-elastic & brittle, stiff
• Blended with cotton or rayon
• Invented in 1920's
• Latex(liquid rubber) extruded into fiber
• Highly elastic, flexible, permeable to water
• Looses its strength through age and deteriorates in sunlight
• Made form banana fibers
• Made form leaves of the pineapple plant
• Combined with silk or polyester to create a fabric
• Used for barong tagalong
• Most beautiful of all fibers due to its marvelous, natural luster
• Comes from cocoons of the silkworm
• Sericulture growth of silk moths
• Labor-intensive process
• 600 yards length of each filament
• Strongest natural fiber, surpassed only by nylon
• Wrinkle resistant than the natural cellulosic fibers
• Fragile &disintegrates or discolors in strong light
• Can be dyed but deteriorates from bleaches &cleaning acids
• Subject to mildew and rot in humid climates
• Burns slowly
Swells when damp, and shrinks when dry is a condition called?
The fibers vary from 1" to 18" depending on where it is obtaines. Color varies from pale neutral to dark brown. Known for its exceptional resiliency and elasticity. This can be reshaped by steaming or pressing. The fiber has almost no resistance to alkalis.
from camel, goat, mohair, alpaca, llama, the vicuna (the rarest) and horsehair
It is said to be the fiber of the Kings and is also luxurious that the Arc of the Covenant of the Old Testament was said to be lined and curtained with it
The current buzzworld of the fashion industry. It is the finest 'wool' shorn from the undercoat of Himalayan Mountain goats
Pleasure of kings. It is a Persian word that translates as "king of wools".This is one of the finest textiles. It is created from white, silver or grey hair of wild goats. The supply of this hair is very limited so the textile is very rare. It is one of the most expensive fabrics in the world.
The long, lustrous hair of the Angora goat. It is used, mixed with other fibers
Organize or Thrown
It is the finest cultured silk yarn and is made from the longest filaments
Tram, Spunsilk or Bourette
uses shorter strands (or broken strands) and have less luster and sheen
wild silk made of cocoons that feed on oak or other trees. It process a rough quality and is light brown color. It cannot be bleached white. Used for weaving rougher textiles such as pongee, shikj and shantung
silk made from 2 silkworms that spin the cocoon together. It appears irregular like linen
produced from the cocoons of thai silkworms. It is considered one of the finest fabrics in the world and it is a product of unique manufacturing process, with the end product coming
Mineral with fluffy strands which are generally combined with cotton to produce a textile. The only natural mineral found in fiber form. Completely fore proof.
threads of gold, silver or copper often woven into filmy casements or wall hangings. THese fibers do not tarnish.Not affected by saltwater or humidity
The first synthetic fiber. It is derived from the pithy sections of plants stalks and in refining remains almost pure celllulose. Called the "poor man's silk" or "artficial silk" when spun and woven on the silk system and bears resemblance to linen when spun and woven on the linen system. Frequently blended with with cotton or wool
This can be found as the woven backing of Velvet which bears nylon, cotton or silk face (pile)
Generally heat-treated against wrinkling, is washable fast drying, and does not shrink. Its fibers are very flexible, resulting in fabric with excellent draping qualities. However, it needs special dyes. It has luxurious hand, and woven unto expensive textiles such as satins, failles, crepes, brocades. and damasks. This a thermoplastic fiber, easily damaged by heat and easily wrinkled.
This has a good resiliency as a fiber compared with acetate. It is processed differently than acetate, resulting in a fiber of greater stability and abrasion resistance. It can be heat treated to prevent the heat sensitivity inherent to acetate. This is shrink resistant, and maintains a crisp finish, thus, permament pleats can be set in triacetate. It is used for texture knits and tricots.
Requires elements of petroleum, natural gas (carbon), air (nitogen and oxygen) and water (hydrogen). It produces long chain molecules which are spun and stretched after cooling. Strongest of all fibers, it is highly elastic with good elongation and recovery properties. Its great strength, high resiliency, and good abrasion resistance makes it the most popular carpet fiber. This fiber deteriorates when exposed to sunlight
It is derived from elements of coal, air, water, petroleum and limestone. It uses staple fibers which are crimped before cutting and then mechanically bulked for an insulative, fluffy, woil-like effect
It is derived from elements of natural gas, coal, air, and salt, and water. Fibers easily dyed are washable and are drip-dry. Resistant to acids and alkalis. Flame-resistant
It is one of the lightest synthetic fibers and has excellent elastic recovery. Polypropylene and polyethylene. Carpet fibers
It is derived of coal, air water and petroleum.
Reistant to air-borne and oil-borne dirt, low moisture absorbency, wrinkle resistance, high strength and resiliency, abrasion resistance, and dimensional stability. Dacron, Fortel, Kodel, Trevira are all popular trade names
It allows flexibility of weave from lacy open-weace cloths, to semi opaque casement textiles to light textured weave textiles.