Chapter 18

Created by ksulkowski 

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19 terms · Classification

Taxonomy

scientists classify organisms & assign each organism a universally accepted name

Binomial nomenclature

two word naming system creating by Carolus Linnaeus

Genus

group of closely related species

Taxon

each taxonomic category in the naming system

Family

consists of genera that share many characteristics

Order

broad taxonomic category composed of similar families

Class

taxonomic category composed of similar orders

Phylum

taxonomic category composed of similar classes

Kingdom

the largest of all taxonomic categories

Domain

a taxonomic category larger than a Kingdom- there are three of these

bacteria

unicelluar and prokaryotic organisms

Eubacteria

a kingdom that is found in the Bacteria domain

Archae

domain that includes unicellular & prokaryotic organisms, live in extreme environments

Archaebacteria

a kingdom that is found in the Archae domain

Eukarya

domain that consists of all organisms that have a nucleus

Protista

kingdom that is composed of eukaryotic organisms that cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi

Fungi

kingdom that are heterotrophs that feed on dead or decaying organic matter

Plantae

kingdom that contain multicellular organisms that are photosynthetic autotrophs

animalia

kingdom that contain multicellular and heterotrophic organisms

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