SAT words

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Aberration

an abnormality
(Anomaly)

Abstinence

the giving up of certain pleasures
(Abstemious)

Abstract

not applied or practical / hard to understand
NOUN: a summary

Acclaim

applause, approval
(Accolade, Approbation, Plaudit, Adulation, Encomium)
VERB: (Extol, Laud)

Acquiesce

to give in
(Concede, Capitulate)

Admonish

to warn/ to scold

Advocate

to support
NOUN: someone who supports something

Aesthetic

showing an appreciation of beauty in nature or art/ artistic

Affinity

natural attraction/ connection
(Proclivity, Propensity, Predilection, Penchant)

Aggrandizement

an increase in wealth, rank, or power

Alienate

to estrange

Alleviate

to make easier
(Ameliorate, Mitigate, Assuage, Palliate)

Aloof

snobby
(Pretentious, Pompous, Supercilious)

Altruistic

kind + generous
(Philanthropic, Benevolent, Magnanimous)

Ambiguous

not clear

Ambivalence

undecided
(Indifferent, Disinterested, Apathetic)

Ameliorate

to make better
(Alleviate*)

Analogous

similar/ comparable

Animosity

hatred
(Acrimony, Rancor, Enmity)

Anonymity

being nameless or unknown

Antagonism

hostility, active opposition
(*Acrimony, Animosity, Rancor, Enmity)

Antithesis

direct opposite
(Antithetical)

Apocryphal

fake
(Fallacious, Spurious)

Arduous

strenuous, hard to do

Articulate

able to put ones thoughts into words easily and clearly (Eloquent)
VERB: to speak distinctly (Enunciate)

Assuage

to calm or soothe (Alleviate)
to satisfy (Placate, Pacify, Mollify)

Atrophy

to shrink

Augment

to increase or enlarge

Austere

stern or strict

Authoritarian

dictator (Despot, Tyrant, Demagogue, Martinet)
ADJECTIVE: (Draconian, Stringent)

Autonomy

independence, self government

Aversion

strong or fixed dislike (Antipathy)

Belittle

to make fun of (Demean, Denigrate, Disparage)

Bequeath

to leave money or property by a will, to pass along

Bizarre

strikingly odd in appearance (Grotesque, Distorted, Weird)

Blithe

unreasonably optimistic

Bombastic

marked by use of language without much real meaning (Boasting, empty promises)

Buffoon

a clown, someone who amuses

Cache

a hiding place, something hidden

Cacophony

harsh sound

Cajole

to persuade by pleasant words; coax

Callous

unfeeling; insensitive
(Boorish, Jaded)

Capitulate

to surrender; to cease resisting
(Acquiesce*, Concede)

Capricious

changeable; fickle
(Impetuous, Impulsive)

Carping

complaining; bitching
(Captious, Querulous)

Catalyst

someone or something that brings about a change

Catharsis

an emotional purification or relief or release
"Yes, finally!"

Caustic

stinging; biting OR sarcastic
(Acerbic) OR (Sardonic)

Celestial

having to do with the stars+the heavens OR divine (Ethereal)

Censure

to criticize adversely/publicly

Chastise

to criticize severely
(Castigate, Deprecate, Excoriate)

Chimerical

totally unrealistic
(Quixotic)

Chronic

lasting a long time

Circumspect

careful

Clairvoyant

having exceptional insight
(Prescient, Incisive, Perspicacious)

Clandestine

secret
(Covert)

Clemency

mercy OR mildness

Coalesce

to grow together OR to combine

Colloquial

conversational; used in informal speech

Commiserate

to sympathize with

Compatible

agreeing

Composure

Calmness
(Equanimity, Serenity, Tranquility)

Conciliatory

apologetic

Concise

saying much in few words
(Succinct, Pithy, Terse)

Condone

to forgive or overlook

Conspicious

clearly visible; remarkable
(Overt, Flagrant, Blatant)

Copious

abundant

Corroborate

to confirm
(Substantiate, Verify, Validate,)

Crass

rude
(Churlish, Insolent, Impudent, Impertinent)

Criterion

standard for judging SINGULAR

Cryptic

having a secret meaning
(Enigmatic, Inscrutable)

Cursory

without attention to details
(Perfunctory, Desultory)

Dearth

shortage
(Paucity)
ANTONYMS (Plethora, Profusion, Surfeit)

Debilitate

to weaken
(Enervate)

Decadence

corruption

Deference

great respect

Deflate

to let the air out of OR to reduce in size or importance

Delineate

to describe thoroughly in words OR to sketch briefly

Demeanor

behavior/personality

Denunciation

expression of strong disapproval made openly or publicly
(*Censure, Denounce)

Deprecate

to express strong disapproval of
(*Chastise, Excoriate, Castigate)

Derogatory

tending to lower in estimation; degrading
(Derogate=Belittle)

Desecrate

to treat with disrespect

Despot

ruler with unlimited power
(Demagogue, Martinet, Authoritarian)

Deter

to keep someone from doing something

Devious

Tricky OR Indirect

Devoid

entirely without; lacking

Diatribe

bitter verbal attack
(Tirade, Harangue)

Didactic

teaching a lesson

Diffuse

spread out

Diminution

a lessening

Discerning

keenly perspective
(Clairvoyant, Insightful, Prescient, Perspicacious)

Disdain

a feeling of contempt; scorn

Dismantle

to pull down/ take apart

Disparage

(Belittle, Demean, Derogate, Denigrate)

Disparity

lack of equality; difference

Disperse

to send off in different directions

Disposition

nature; tendency
(Demeanor)

Dissipated

indulging excessively in sensual pleasures
(Decadent, Debauched, Wanton, Immoral)

Distraught

very upset

Dogmatic

(Authoritarian, Stringent, Draconian)

Dormant

in a state of rest
(Somnolent)

Duplicity

deceitfulness
(Chicanery, Guile)

Ebb

to decline/decrease
(Diminish)

Eclectic

consisting of selections from various sources
(Heterogeneous, Disparate, Variegated, Motley)

Efface

to wipe out/erase
(Expunge, Extirpate, Expurgate)

Effervescent

lively OR giving off bubbles/carbonated
(Ebullient, Effusive, Exuberant)

Egregious

very bad
(Heinous, Odious, Fulsome)

Elucidate

to make clear

Elusive

hard to grasp OR baffling

Embellish

to decorate OR to elaborate upon

Embroil

to involve in a quarrel

Emulate

to try to equal or surpass

Enervate

to weaken
(Debilitate)

Engender

to cause/produce/bring into being

Enhance

to add to OR to make greater in value
(Augment OR Embellish)

Enigma

a puzzle, a baffling situation
(Conundrum, Labyrinth, Quandary)

Ephemeral

lasting for a short time
(Evanescent, Fleeting, Transient, Transitory)

Equanimity

evenness of temper
(Composure)

Equivocate

to use double meanings in order to mislead

Esoteric

understood by only a select few
(Arcane, Recondite)

Eulogy

high praise for a person (usually deceased)

Euphemism

use of an indirect expression in place of one that is harsh

Evanescent

gradually disappearing
(Fleeting, Ephemeral)

Exacerbate

to make a situation worse
(Irritate, Aggravate, Provoke)

Exemplary

serving as a model, perfect
(Quintessential, Consummate)

Expedient

useful, advantageous

Expedite

to make easy and quick, to speed up

Expunge

to remove completely
(Efface*)

Extol

to praise highly
(Laud, Acclaim, Adulate)

Facilitate

to make easier and better
(*Expedite)

Fallacy

false idea
(Fallacious=Apocryphal, Spurious, Erroneous)

Fastidious

particular, fussy about details
(Meticulous)

Fervor

intense emotion
(Ferver=Strongly felt, Ardent, Vehement)

Fitful

stopping and starting
(Spasmodic, Intermittent, Sporadic, Episodic)

Flagrant

obvious
(*Conspicuous)

Fledgling

newly developed OR an inexperienced person
(Nascent, Novel, Embryonic, Incipient OR Novice)

Forlorn

left alone and neglected, sad
(Morose, Bereft, Lugubrious, Sullen)

Formidable

challenging, to be dreaded
(Daunting)

Fortuitous

random
(Haphazard)

Furtive

sneaky
(Surreptitious, Stealthy)

Galvanize

to arouse suddenly, to startle into action

Garbled

confused, mixed up

Garner

to gather, to collect

Garrulous

talkative
(Voluble, Loquacious)

Gratuitous

unnecessary, uncalled for
(Officious)

Guile

deceit
(Duplicity*, Chicanery)

Gullible

easily deceived
(Naive, Credulous, Ingenuous)

Hackneyed

used too often, ordinary
(Trite, Prosaic, Mundane, Banal, Pedestrian)

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