founder of Islam whose words are recorded in the Quran.
the most holy book of Islam, believed to contain the teaching of Allah, or God, to Muhammad.
Canon of Medicine
an encyclopedia of medical knowledge that would become the standard medical text for over 500 years; written by Avicenna.
an important crossroads for traders and merchants; the holy city of Islam, located in Saudi Arabia
a Muslim place of worship.
successor, a Muslim leader who had both political and religious authority.
Persian philosopher and physician; wrote a medical encyclopedia that became a standard text in North Africa, western Asia, and Europe.
people on a journey for religious purposes.
Pillars of Faith
the basic duties of Islam, including belief in one God, Allah; pray five times a day; charity or almsgiving, fasting during the holy month of Ramadan; and pilgrimage to Mekkah
First caliph of Islam after the death of Muhammad
the religion practiced by Muslims; Islam means "submission to the will of God."
622 AD, the year of Muhammad's travels from Mekkah to Medinah; also year one of the Muslim calendar
(Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque
the Arabic word for God
Nomadic herders who used camels to cross the desert; raids for grazing land frequent warfare
Muslim mathematicians created a branch of mathematics that involves expressions with variables.