Very brief memory storage immediately following initial reception of a stimulus
Short Term Memory
activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten
Long Term Memory
the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system.
Transfering short term memory to long term memory
Also known as rote rehearsal, is the process of repeating something to encode it for a short time
a memorization method that involves thinking about how new information relates to information already stored in long-term memory
the cognitive operation of accessing information in memory
Memories that are consciously retrieved
Memory that is retrieved subconsciously or unintentionally
Memories consisting of facts and knowledge. Divided into episodic and semantic.
Memories of skills and actions--how to ride a bike
Memories that reflect on personal experiences
When you "take a picture" of a memory, usually a significant event
also known as "photographic" memory. The ability to remember almost all visual/verbal cues in great detail. Perfect pitch, perfect color, xerox reading, etc.
When a problem occurs between short term memory and long term memory that impedes encoding. Can be divided into proactive, in which old info. interferes with new, and retroactive, when new gets in way of old
When something is forgotten "on purpose," to hide trauma/bad feelings
forgetting something due to time or lack of rehearsal
severe memory loss, often from trauma, sickness, or damage. Divided into infantile, anterograde (Lucy), and retrograde (soap opera)
degeneration of brain tissue, usually starts in midbrain. interferes with encoding and recall. most common form is Altzheimer's
memories distorted by misleading post-event information
someone recalls information as familiar, but cannot remember source of memory