Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Conflict

A struggle between opposing forces.

External Conflict

a character struggles against some outside force: another character, society as a whole, or some natural force

Internal Conflict

a problem or struggle within a character

Cultural Conflict

a struggle that arises because of differing values, customs, or circumstances between groups of people

Tone

The writer's attitude toward the material and/or the readers.

Mood

The feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.

Irony

the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

Situational Irony

occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected

Dramatic Irony

when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't

Verbal Irony

The contrast between what is said and what is actually meant.

Symbol

anything that stands for or represents something else

Flashback

a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present

Foreshadowing

the presentation of material in such a way that the reader is prepared for what is to come later in the work

Suspense

Uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a story

Theme

The main idea or meaning of a text. Often, this is an insight about human life revealed in a literary work

Stated Theme

theme which is expressed directly

Implied Theme

when the theme is not directly stated in the story; the reader must infer

Recurring Theme

a theme that can be found in different texts, often of the same time period or culture.

Universal Theme

an idea that is repeated across many cultures and throughout many time periods

Author's Perspective

Unique combination of ideas, values, and beliefs that influences a writer's outlook on a topic.

Tradition

a way of life or an idea that has been handed down from the past

Heritage

practices that are handed down from the past by tradition

Beliefs

specific ideas that people hold to be true

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set